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Effects of Ozone & UV-B on the Plants

Adams, R. M., Models and data requirements for measuring the economic consequences of UV-B radiation on agriculture, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 345-359.

Adamse, P., Britz, S. J., Rapid fluence-dependent responses to ultraviolet-B radiation in cucumber leaves: The role of UV-absorbing pigments in damage protection, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 57-62.

Agrawal, S. B., Krizek, D. T., Kramer, G. F., Lee, E. H., Mirecki, R. M., Rowland, R. A., Physiological and morphological responses of snapbean plants to ozone stress as influenced by pretreatment with UV-B radiation, in Impact of Global Climatic Changes on Photosynthesis and Plant Productivity, Oxford & IBH Pub. Co., Ltd., New Delhi, Bombay, 1991, 133-146.

Akada, S., Kung, S. D., Dube, S. K., Nucleotide sequence of a soybean chalcone synthase gene with a possible role in ultraviolet-B sensitivity, Gmchs6, Plant Physiology 1993, 102, 699-701.

Allen, D. J., McKee, I. F., Farage, P. K., Baker, N. R., Analysis of limitations to CO2 assimilation on exposure of leaves of two Brassica napus cultivars to UV-B, Plant Cell and Environment 1997, 20, 633-640.

Allen, Jr., L. H., Amthor, J. S., Plant physiological responses to elevated CO2, temperature, air pollution, and UV-B radiation, Ch. 5 in Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climate System; Will the Warming Feed the Warming? G. M. Woodwell and R. T. Mackenzie, eds., Oxford Univ. Press, NY and Oxford, UK, pp 51-85, 1995.

Allen, Jr., L. H., Plant effects and modeling responses to UV-B radiation, in Biggs, R. H. and Joyner, M. E. B., eds., Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 303-310, 1994.

Andrady, T., Polymer materials, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Lewis Publishers, Tevini, M., ed., 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Antonelli, F., Grifoni, D., Sabatini, F., Zipoli, G., Morphological and physiological responses of bean plants to supplemental UV radiation in a Mediterranean climate, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 127-136.

Balakumar, T., Gayathri, B., Anbudurai, P. R., Oxidative stress injury in tomato plants induced by supplemental UV-B radiation, Biologica Plantarum 1997, 39, 215-221.

Balakumar, T., Vincent, V. H. B., Paliwal, On the interaction of UV-B radiation (280-315 nm) with water stress in crop plants, Physiologia Plantarum 1993, 87, 217-222.

Ballare, C. L., Barnes, P. W., Flint, S. D., Inhibition of hypocotyl elongation by ultraviolet-B radiation in de-etiolating tomato seedlings. 2. Time-course, comparison with flavonoid responses and adaptive significance, Physiologia Plantarum 1995, 93, 593-601.

Ballare, C. L., Barnes, P. W., Flint, S. D.,Inhibition of hypocotyl elongation by ultraviolet-B radiation in de-etiolating tomato seedlings. 1. The photoreceptor, Physiologia Plantarum 1995, 93, 584-592.

Ballare, C. L., Barnes, P. W., Kendrick, R. E., Photomorphogenic effects of UV-B radiation on Hypocotyl elongation in wild-type and stable-phytochrome-deficient mutant seedlings of cucumber, Physiologia Plantarum 1992, 83, 652-658.

Ballare, C. L., Barnes, P. W., Kendrick, R. E., Photomorphogenic effects of UV-B radiation on hypocotyl elongation in wild-type and stable photochrome-deficient mutant seedlings of cucumber, Physiologia Plantarum 1991, 83, 652-658.

Ballare, C. L., Scopel, A. L., Stapleton, A. E., Yanovsky, M. J., Solar ultraviolet-B radiation affects seedling emergence, DNA integrity, plant morphology, growth rate, and attractiveness to herbivore insets in Datura ferox, Plant Physiology 1996, 112, 161-170.

Barenbaum, M., Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Insect-Plant Interactions, in Plant Stress-Insect Interactions E. Heinrichs, ed., J. Wiley and Sons, NY, 1988, pp. 167-185.

Barnes, P. W., Ballare, C. L., Caldwell, M. M., Photomorphogenic effects of UV-B radiation on plants:Consequences for light competition, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 15-20.

Barnes, P. W., Flint, S. D., Caldwell, M. M., Photosynthesis Damage and Protective Pigments in Plants from a Latitudinal Arctic/Alpine Gradient Exposed to Supplemental UV-B Radiation in the Field, Arctic and Alpine Research 1987, 19, 21-27.

Basiouny, F. M., Van, T. K., Biggs, R. H., Some morphological and biochemical characteristics of C3 and C4 plants irradiated with UV-B, Physiologia Plantarum 1978, 42, 29-32.

Batschauer, A., Schafer, E., Blue?UV-A photoreceptor and phytochrome signals for regulation of chalcone synthase transcription, in Regulation of Plant Growth and Development by Light, American Society of Plant Physiologists Series 1996, 17, 98-113.

Becwar, M. R., Moore, F. D., Burke, M. J., Effects of deletion and enhancement of ultraviolet-B (280-315 nm) radiation on plants grown at 3000 m elevation, Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science 1982, 107, 771-774.

Beggs, C. J., Schneider-Ziebert, U., Wellmann, E., UV-B radiation and adaptive mechanisms in plants, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 235-250.

Beggs, C. J., Stolzer-Jehle, A., Wellman, E., Isoflavonoid formation as an indicator of UV stress in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) leaves, Plant Physiology 1985, 79, 630-634.

Beit, M., Bilger, T., Muhlbauer, T., Brummet, W., Winter, K., Diurnal changes in flavonoids, Journal ofPlant Physiology 1996, 148, 478-482.

Bennett, J. H., Photosynthesis and gas diffusion in leaves of selected crop plants exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation, Journal of Environmental Quality 1981, 10, 271-275.

Biggs, R. H., Kossuth, S. V., Teramura, A. H., Response of 19 cultivars of soybeans to ultraviolet-B irradiance, Physiologia Plantarum 1981, 53, 19-26.

Biggs, R. H., Webb, P. G., Effects of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation on yield, and disease incidence and severity for wheat under field conditionS, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., NATO ASI Series, Vol. G8, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 303-311.

Bjorn, L. A., et al., The effects of UV-B radiation on European heathland species, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 252-264.

Bjorn, L. O., Bornman, J. F., Olsson, E., Effects of ultraviolet radiation on fluorescence induction kinetics in isolated thylakoids and intact leaves, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 186-197.

Blumthaler, M., Solar UV measurements, Ch. 3, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla., 1993, pp. 71-94.

Bornman, J. F., Evert, R. F., Mierzwa, R. J., Fine structural effects of UV radiation on leaf tissue of Beta vulgaris, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 199-209.

Bornman, J. F., Target sites of UV-B radiation in photosynthesis of higher plants, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B 1989, 4, 145-158.

Brandle, J. R., Campbell, W. F., Sisson, W. B., Caldwell, M. M., Net photosysthesis, electron transport capacity, and ultrastructure of Pisum sativum L. exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation, Plant Physiology 1977, 60, 165-169.

Braune, W., Dohler, G., Impact of UV-B radiation on N-15-ammonium nad N-15-nitrate uptake by Haematococcus lacustris (volvocales). 2.The influence of a recovery period, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 149, 349-357.

Britt, A. B., Repair of DNA damage induced by ultraviolet radiation, Plant Physiology 1995, 108, 891-896.

Brown, J., Antarctic ozone going fast, but some plants can survive, New Scientist 1994, 143, 11.

Burns, B., Hahlbrock, K., Schafer, E., Fluence dependence of the ultraviolet-light-induced accumulation of chalcone synthase mRNA and effect of blue and far-red light in cultured parsley cells, Planta 1986, 169, 393-398.

Caldwell, C. R., Modification of the cellular heat sensitivity of cucumber by growth under supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation, Plant Physiology 1994, 104, 395-399.

Caldwell, C. R., Ultraviolet-induced photodegradation of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) microsomal and soluble protein tryptophanyl residues invitro, Plant Physiology 1993, 101, 947-953.

Caldwell, M. M., Camp, L. B., Warner, C. W., Flint, S. D., Action spectra and their key role in assessing biological consequences of solar UV-B radiation change, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life, R. C. Worrest and M. M. Caldwell, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 87-111.

Caldwell, M. M., Effects of UV radiation on plants in the transition region to blue light, Blue Light Effects in Biological Systems Senger, H., ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984, pp. 20-28.

Caldwell, M. M., Flint, S. D., Plant response to UV-B radition: Comparing growth chamber and field environments, Environmental Research with Plants in Closed Chambers Payer, H. D., Pfirrmann, T., Mathy, P, eds., Air Pollution Research Report No. 26, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, 1990, pp. 264-270.

Caldwell, M. M., Flint, S. D., Searles, P. S., Spectral balance and UV-B sensitivity of soybean: A field experiment, Plant Cell and Environment 1994, 17, 267-276.

Caldwell, M. M., Flint, S. D., Uses of biological spectral weighting functions and the need of scaling for the ozone reduction problem, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 66-76.

Caldwell, M. M., Plant Life and Ultraviolet Radiation: Some Perspective in the History of the Earth#'s UV Climate, Bioscience 1979, 29, 520-525.

Caldwell, M. M., Plant response to solar ultraviolet radiation, Ch. 6, in Physiological Plant Ecology 1986, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Caldwell, M. M., Plant responses to solar ultraviolet radiation, in Physiological Plant Ecology; Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Series, Vol. 12A, I. O. L. Lange, P. S. Nobel, C. B. Osmond, and H. Ziegler, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981, pp. 169-197.

Caldwell, M. M., Sisson, W. B., Fox, F. M., Brandle, J. R., Plant growth response to elevated UV irradiance under field and greenhouse conditions, in Impacts of Climatic Change on the Biosphere Monograph 5, Part I, Ultraviolet Radiation Effects, Nachtwey, D. S., Caldwell, M. M., Biggs, R. H., eds., Climatic Impact Assessment Program, United States Department of Transportation Report No. DOT-TST-75-55, NTIS, Springfield, VA., 1975, pp. (4)253.

Caldwell, M. M., Teramura, A. H., Tevini, M., Bornman, J. F., Bjorn, L. O., Kulandaivelu, G., Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on terrestrial plants, Chapter 3 in Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, 1994, pp.49-64.

Caldwell, M. M., Teramura, A. H., Tevini, M., The Changing Solar Ultraviolet Climate and the Ecological Consequences for Higher Plants, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1989, 4 (12), 363-367.

Caldwell, M., Robberecht, R., Flint, S. D., Internal filters: Prospects of UV-acclimation in higher plants, Physiologia Plantarum 1983, 58, 445-450.

Caldwell, M., Teramura, A. H., Tevini, M., Bornman, J. F., Bjorn, L. O., Kulandaivelu, G., Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on terrestrial plants, Ambio 1995, 24, 166-173.

Cen, Y. P., Bornman, J. F., The effect of exposure to enhanced UV-B radiation on the penetration of monochromatic and polychromatic UV-B radiation in leaves of Brassica napus, Physiologia Plantarum 1993, 87, 249-255.

Cen, Y. P., Bornman, J. F., The response of bean plants to UV-B radiation under different irradiances of background visible light, Journal of Experimental Botany 1990, 41, 1489-1495.

Chen, C. L., Ti, C. C., Sung, J. M., Carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in CO2-enriched developing rice grains of cultivars varying in grain size, Physiologia Plantarum 1994, 90, 79-85.

Cieminis, K. G. K., Ranceliene, V. M., et al., Chromosome and DNA damage and their repair in highter plants irradiated with short-wave ultraviolet light, Mutation Research 1987, 181, 9-16.

Clark, J. B., Lister, G. R., Photosynthetic action spectra of trees II. The relationship of cuticle stucture to the visible and ultraviolet spectral properties of needles from four coniferous species, Plant Physiology 1975, 55, 407-413.

Coohill, T. P., Ultraviolet Action Spectra (280 to 380 nm) and Solar Effectiveness Spectra for Higher Plants, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1989, 50, 451-458.

Day, T. A., Howells, B. W., Rice, W. J., Ultraviolet absorption and epidermal transmittance spectra in foliage, Physiologia Plantarum 1994, 92, 207-218.

Day, T. A., Howells, B. W., Ruhland, C. T., Changes in growth and pigment concentrations with leaf age in pea under modulated UV-B radiation field treatments, Plant Cell and Environment 1996, 19, 101-108.

Day, T. A., Martin, G., Vogelmann, T. C., Penetration of UV-B radiation in foliage - evidence that the epidermis behaves as a non-uniform filter, Plant Cell and Environment 1993, 16, 735-741.

Day, T. A., Relating UV-B radiation screening effectiveness of foliage to absorbing-compound concentration and anatomical characteristics in a diverse group of plants, Oecologia 1993, 95, 542-550.

Day, T. A., Vogelmann, T. C., Alterations in photosynthesis and pigment distributions in pea leaves following UV-B exposure, Physiologia Plantarum 1995, 94, 433-440.

Day, T. A., Vogelmann, T. C., DeLucia, E. H., Are some plant life forms more effective than others in screening out ultraviolet-B radiation?, Oecologia 1992, 92, 513-519.

DeLucia, E. H., Day, T. A., Vogelman, T. C., Ultraviolet-B and visible light penetration into needles of two species of subalpine conifers during foliar development, Plant Cell and Environment 1992, 15, 921-929.

DeLucia, E. H., Day, T. A., Vogelman, T. C., Ultraviolet-B radiation and the Rocky Mountainenvironment: Measurement of incident light and penetration into foliage, Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology 1992, 10, 32-48.

DeLucia, E. H., Day, T. A., Vogelmann, T. C., Ultraviolet-B radiation and the Rocky Mountain environment: Measurement of incident light and penetration into foliage, Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology 1991, 10, 32-48.

Deckmyn, G., Impens, I., Combined effects of enhanced UV-B radiation and nitrogen deficiency on the growth, composition and photosynthesis of rye (Secale cereale), Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 235- 240.

Deckmyn, G., Impens, I., UV-B increases the harvest index of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Plant Cell and Environment 1995, 18, 1426-1433.

Deckmyn, G., Martens, C., Impens, I., The importance of the ratio UV-B/photosynthetic active radiation (par) during leaf development as determining factor of plant sensitivity to increased UV-B irradiance - effects on growth, gas exchange and pigmentation of bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris CV label), Plant Cell and Environment 1994, 17, 295-301.

Diffey, B. L., Possible errors involved in the dosimetry of solar UV-B radiation, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., NATO ASI Series, Vol. G8, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 75-86.

Dohler, G., Buchmann, T., Effects of UV-A and UV-B irradiance on pigments and N-15-ammonium assimilation of the haptophycean Pavlova, Journal of Plant Physiology 1995, 146, 29-34.

Dohler, G., Effect of UV-B (290-320 nm) radiation on uptake of 15N-nitrate by marine diatoms, Inorganic nitrogen in plants and microorganisms: Uptake and metabolism W. R. Ullrich, C. Rigano, A. Fuggi, J. P. Aparicio, eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, NY, 1990, pp. 354-359.

Dohler, G., Worrest, R.C., Bierman, I., Zink, J., Photosynthetic 14CO2 fixation and 15N-ammonia assimilation during UV-B irradiation of Lithodesmium variabile, Physiologia Plantarum 1988, 70, 511-515.

Dohring, T., Kofferlein, M., Thiel, S., Seidlitz, H. K., Spectral shaping of artificial UV-B irradiation for vegetation stress research, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 115-119.

Donker, V. A., Hader, D. P., Protective strategies of several cyanobacteria against solar radiation, Journal of Plant Physiology 1995, 145, 750-755.

Drillias, P., Karabourniotis, G., Levizou, E., Nikolopoulos, D., Petropoulou, Y., Manetas, Y., The effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the Mediterranean evergreen sclerophyll Nerium oleander depend on the extent of summer precipitation, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1997, 24, 301-306.

Dube, S. L., Bornman, J. F., Response of spurce seedlings to simultaneous exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation and cadmium, Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 1992, 30, 761-767.

Dumpert, K., Knacker, T., A comparison of the effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on some crop plants exposed to greenhouse and field conditions, Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen 1985, 180, 599-612.

Ekeland, N. G. A., Influence of UV-B radiation on photosynthetic light-response curve, absorption spectra and motility of four phytoplankton species, Physiologia Plantarum 1994, 91, 696-702.

Ekelund, N. G. A., Effects of UV-B Radiation on Growth and Motility of Four Phytoplankton Species, Physiologia Plantarum 1990, 78, 590-594.

Ekelund, N. G. A., The effects of UV-B radiation on dinoflagellates, Journal of Plant Physiology 1991, 138, 274-278.

Erdei, L., Pestenacz, A., Barabas, K., Szegletes, Z., Adaptive responses of plants under stress conditions, Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 1995, 30, 27-37.

Ernst, W. H. O., Vandestaaij, J. W. M., Nelissen, H. J. M., Reaction of savanna plants from Botswana on UV-B radiation, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 162-170.

Fiscus, E. L., Booker, F. L., Miller, J. E., Response of soybean bulk leaf water relations to ultraviolet-B irradiation, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 63-68.

Flint, S. D., Caldwell, M. M., Comparative sensitivity of binucleate and trinucleate pollen to ultraviolet radiation: A theoretical perspective, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 211-222.

Flint, S. D., Caldwell, M. M., Scaling plant ultraviolet spectral responses from laboratory action spectra to field spectral weighting factors, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 107-114.

Flint, S. D., Jordan, P. W., Caldwell, M. M., Plant Protective Response to Enhanced UV-B Radiation under Field Conditions: Leaf Optical Properties and Photosynthesis, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1985, 41, 95-99.

Fox, F. M., Caldwell, Competitive interaction in plant populations exposed to supplementary ultraviolet-B radiation, Oecologia 1978, 36, 173-190.

Fuglevand, G., Jackson, J. A., Jenkins, G. I., UV-B, UV-A, and blue light signal transduction pathways inteeract synergistically to regulate chalcone synthase gene expression in Arabidopsis, Plant Cell 1996, 8, 2347-2357.

Gausman, R. W., Rodriguez, R. P., Escobar, D. E., Ultraviolet radiation reflectance, transmittance, and absorbance by plant leaf epidermises, Agronomy Journal 1975, 83, 391-396.

Gerstl, S. A. W., Zardecki, A,, Wiser, H. L., A new UV-B handbook, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life R. C. Worrest and M. M. Caldwell, eds., NATO ASI Series, Vol. G8, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 63-73.

Gery, M. W., Tropospheric air quality, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Gieskes, W. W. C., Buma, A. G. J., UV damage to plant life in a photobiologically dynamic environment:The case of marine phytoplankton, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 16-25.

Gislefoss, J. S., Kjeldstad, B., Bakken, A. K., Optical properties of the epidermis of leek (Allium ampeloprasum L.) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) after enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation, Acta Agricultura Scandinavia Section B - Soil and Plant Science 1992, 42, 173-176.

Gold, W. G., Caldwell, M. M., The Effects of Ultraviolet-B Radiation on Plant Competition in Terrestrial Ecosystems, Physiologia Plantarum 1983, 58, 435-444.

Gonzalez, R., Paul, N. D., Percy, K., Ambrose, M., McLaughlin, C. K., Barnes, J. D., Areses, M., Wellburn, A. R., Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax, Physiologia Plantarum 1996, 98, 852-860.

Grammatikopoulos, G., Karabourniotis, G., Kyparissis, A., Petropoulou, Y., Manetas, Y., Leaf hairs of olive (Olea europaea) prevent stomatal closure by ultraviolet-B radiation, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1994, 21, 293-301.

Grant, R. H., Partitioning of biologically active radiation in plant canopies, InternationalJournal of Biometeorology 1997, 40, 26-40.

Green, A. E., The penetration of ultraviolet radiation to the ground, Physiologia Plantarum 1983, 58, 351-359.

Green, R., Fluhr, R., UV-B-induced PR-1 accumulation is mediated by active oxygen species, Plant Cell 1995, 7, 203-212.

Greenberg, B. M., Wilson, M. I., Gerhardt, K. E., Wilson, K. E., Morphological and physiological responses of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphae carboxylase/oxygenase and potential acclimation processes, Journal of Plant Physiology 1996, 148, 78-85.

Gunasekera, T. S., Paul, N. D., Ayres, P. G., The effects of ultraviolet-B (UV-B:290-320 nm) radiation on blister blight disease of tea (Camellia sinensis), Plant Pathology 1997, 46, 179-185.

Gwynnjones, D., Johanson, U., Growth and pigment in two subarctic grass species under four different UV-B irradiation levels, Physiologia Plantarum 1996, 97, 701-707.

Gwynnjones, D., Lee, J. A., Callaghan, T. V., Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation and elevated carbon dioxide concentrations on a sub- Arctic forest heath system, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 242-249.

Hader, D. -P., The effect of enhanced solar UV-B radiation on motile microorganisms, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C.,Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 223-233.

Hader, D. P., Penetration and effects of solar UV-B on phytoplankton and macroalgae, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 4-12.

Hader, D. P., Rosum, A., Schafer, J., Hemmersbach, Gravitaxis in the flagellate Euglena gracilis is controlled by an active gravireceptor, Journal of Plant Physiology 1995, 146, 474-480.

Hader, D. P., Schafer, J., Photosynthetic oxygen production in macroalgae and phytoplankton under solar irradiation, Journal of Plant Physiology 1994, 144, 293-299.

Hader, D.-P., Aquatic organisms, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Harlow, G. R., Jenkins, M. E., Pittalwala, T. S., Mount, D. W., Isolation of Uvhl, an arabidopsis mutant hypersensitive to ultraviolet light and ionizing radiation, Plant Cell 1994, 6, 227-235.

Harriman, R. W., Shao, A.-P., Wasserman, B. P., Inhibition and ultraviolet-induced chemical modification of UDP-glucose: (1,3)-B-blucan (callose) synthase by chlorpormazine. Mechanism of chlorpromazine binding to the plant plasma membrane, Plant Physiology 1992, 100, 1927-19xx.

Hays, J. B., Pang, Q., UV-B-inducible and constitutive genes that mediate repair and toleration of UV-damaged DNA in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, in Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Biggs, R. H. and Joyner, M. E. B., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 107-122, 1994.

He, J., Huang, L. K., Chow, W. S., Whitecross, M. I., Anderson, J. M., Effects of supplementary ultraviolet-B radiation on rice and pea plants, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1993, 20, 129-142.

He, J., Huang, L. K., Chow, W. S., Whitecross, M. I., Anderson, J. M., Responses of rice and pea plants to hardening with low doses of ultraviolet-B radiation, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1994, 21, 563-574.

Henkow, L., Strid, A., Berglund, T., Rydstrom, J., Ohlsson, A. B., Alteration of gene expression in Pisum sativum tissue cultures caused by the free radical-generating agent 2,2#'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride, Physiologia Plantarum 1996, 96, 6-12.

Hermann, H., Hader, D. P., Ghetti, F., Inhibition of photosynthesis by solar radiation in Dunaliella salina:Relative efficiencies of UV-B, UV-A, and PAR, Plant Cell and Environment 1997, 20, 359-365.

Herndl, G. J., Brugger, A., Hager, S., Kaiser, E., Obernosterer, I., Reitner, B., Slezak, D., Role of ultraviolet-B radiation on bacerioplankton and the availability of dissolved organic matter, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 42-51.

Herrmann, H., Chetti, F., Scheuerlein, R., Hader, D. P., Photosynthetic oxygen and fluorescence measurements in Ulva laetevirens affected by solar irradiation, Journal of Plant Physiology 1995, 145, 221-227.

Hideg, E., Mano, J., Ohno, C., Asada, K., Increased levels of monodehydroascorbate radical in UV-B-irradiated broad bean leaves, Plant Cell Physiology 1997, 38, 684-690.

Hidema, J., Kang, H. S., Kumagai, T., Differences in the sensitivity to UVB radiation of two cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.), Plant and Cell Physiology 1996, 37, 742-747.

Hidema, J., Kumagai, T., Sutherland, J. C., Sutherland, B. M., Ultraviolet B-sensitive rice cultivar deficient in cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimer repair, Plant Physiology 1997, 113, 39-44.

Huang, L. K., He, J., Chow, W. S., Whitecross, M. I., Anderson, J. M., Responses of detached rice leaves (Oryza sativa L) to moderate supplementary ultraviolet-B radiation allow early screening for relative sensitivity to ultraviolet-B irradiation, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1993, 20, 285-297.

Huang, S. B., Dai, Q. J., Peng, S. B., Chavez, A. Q., Miranda, L. L., Visperas, R. M., Vergara, B. S., Influence of supplemental ultraviolet-B on indoleacetic acid and calmodulin in the leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L), Plant Growth Regulation 1997, 21, 59-64.

Iwansik, W., Tevini, M., Dohnt, G., Voss, M., Graber, O., Renger, G., Action of UV-B radiation on photosynthetic primary reactions in spinach chloroplasts, Physiologia Plantarum 1983, 58, 401-407.

Iwanzik, W., Interaction of UV-A, UV-B and visible radiation on growth, composition, and photosynthetic activity in radish seedlings, in Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life Worrest, R. C., Caldwell, M. M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986, pp. 287-301.

Jalilova, F. K., Rakitina, T. Y., Vlasov, P. V., Kefeli, V. I., Growth and ethylene evolution in three genetic lines of Arabidopsis thaliana as affected by ultraviolet radiation (UV-B), Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 1993, 40, 660-664.

Jansen, M. A. K., Gaba, V., Greenberg, B. M., Mattoo, A. K., Edelman, M., Low threshold levels of ultraviolet-B in a background of photosynthetically active radiation trigger rapid degradation of the D2 protein of photosystem-II, Plant Journal 1996, 9, 693-699.

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