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Effects of Ozone & UV-B on Marine Ecosystems

Arnone, R. A., Terrie, G., Oriol, R. A., Relationships between surface chlorophyll and solar irradiance in the north Atlantic, Marine Technology Society Journal 1993, 27, 16-23.

Arrigo, K. R., Brown, C. W., Impact of chromophoric dissolved matter on UV inhibition of primary productivity in the sea, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 140, 207-216.

Arrigo, K. R., Impact of ozone depletion on phytoplankton growth in the southern ocean:Large-scale spatial and temporal variability, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1994, 114, 1-12.

Banaszak, A. T., Trench, R. K., Effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on maring microalgal-invertebrate symbioses. 1. Response of the algal symbionts in culture and in hospite, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology 1995, 194, 213-232.

Banaszak, A. T., Trench, R. K., Effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on maring microalgal-invertebrate symbioses. 2. The synthesis of mycosporine-like amino acids in response to exposure to UV in Anthopleura elegantissima and Cassiopeia xamachana, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology 1995, 194, 233-250.

Behrenfeld, M. J., Chapman, J. W., Hardy, J. T., Lee, H., Is there a common response to ultraviolet-B radiation by marine phytoplankton, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1993, 102, 59-68.

Behrenfeld, M. J., Lee, H., Small, L. F., Interactions between nutritional status and long-term responses to ultraviolet-B radiation stress in a marine diatom, Marine Biology 1994, 118, 523-530.

Behrenfeld, M., Hardy, J., Gucinski, H., Hanneman, A., Lee, H., Wones, A., Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on primary production along latitudinal transects in the south Pacific Ocean, Marine Environment Research 1993, 35, 349-363.

Bidigare, R. R., Potential Effects of UV-B Radiation on Marine Organisms of the Southern Ocean: Distributions of Phytoplankton and Krill during Austral Spring, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1989, 50, 469-478.

Bidigare, R. R., Potential effects of UV-B radiation on marine organisms of the Southern Ocean, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1989, 50, 469-477.

Booth, W., Ozone hole may harm marine life; UV light in lab test alters plankton genes, Washington Post July 31, 1990.

Boucher, N. P., Prezelin, B. B., An in situ biological weighting function for UV inhibition of phytoplankton carbon fixation in the Southern Ocean, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 144, 223-236.

Brown, B. E., Adaptations of reef corals to physical environmental stress, Advances in Marine Biology 1997, 31, 221-299.

Brown, B. E., Dunne, R. P., Scoffin, T. P., Letissier, M. D. A., Solar damage in intertidal corals, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1994, 105, 219-230.

Buma, A. G. J., Van Hannen, E. J., Veldhuis, M. J. W., Gieskes, W. W. C., UV-B induced DNA damage and DNA synthesis delay in the marine diatom Cyclotella sp., Scientia Marina 1996, 60, Suppl. 1, 101-106.

Buma, A. G. J., Zemmelink, H. J., Sjollema, K., Gieskes, W. W. C., UVB radiation modifies protein and photosynthetic pigment content, volume and ultrastructure of marine diatoms, Marine Ecology - Progress Ser. 1996, 142, 47-54.

Calkins, J., Some considerations on the ecological and evolutionary effects of solar UV, in The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems J. Calkins, ed., Plenum, New York, 1982, pp. 685-689.

Calkins, J., ed.,The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems, Plenum, New York, 1982, 724 pp.

Carlini, D. B., Regan, J. D., Photolyase activities of Elysia tuca, Bursatella leachii, and Haminaea antillarum (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia), Journal of Experimental Marine Biology 1995, 189, 219-232.

Carroll, A. K., Shick, J. M., Dietary accumulation of UV-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) by the green sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis), Marine Biology 1996, 124, 561-569.

Chalkerscott, L., Survival and sex ratios of the intertidal copepod, Tigriopus californicus, following ultraviolet-B (290-320 nm) radiation exposure, Marine Biology 1995, 123, 799-804.

Cullen, J. J., Lesser, P, M., Inhibition of photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation as a function of dose and dosage rate: Results for a marine diatom, Marine Biology 1991, 111, 183-190.

Cullen, J. J., Neale, P. J., Ultraviolet radiation, ozone depletion, and marine photosynthesis, Photosynthesis Research 1994, 39, 303-320.

Davidson, A. T., Bramich, D., Marchant, H. J., Mcminn, A., Effects of UV-B irradiation on growth and survival of Antarctic marine diatoms, Marine Biology 1994, 119, 507-515.

Davidson, A. T., Marchant, H. J., The impact of ultraviolet radiation on Phaeocystis and selected species of Antarctic marine diatoms, in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects Weiler, C. S.and Penhale, P. A., eds., American Geophysical Union, 1994, pp. 187-205.

Dionisiosese, M.L., Ishikura, M., Maruyama, T., Miyachi, S., UV- absorbing substances in the tunic of a colonial ascidian protect its symbiont, Prochloron sp.. from damage by UV-B radiation, Marine Biology 1997, 128, 455-461.

Dohler, G., Effect of UV-B (290-320 nm) radiation on uptake of 15N-nitrate by marine diatoms, Inorganic nitrogen in plants and microorganisms: Uptake and metabolism W. R. Ullrich, C. Rigano, A. Fuggi, J. P. Aparicio, eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, NY, 1990, pp. 354-359.

Dohler, G., Effect of UV-B radiation on the marine diatoms Lauderia annulata and Thalassiosira rotula grorn in different salinities, Marine Biology (Berlin), 1984, 83, 247-253.

Dohler, G., Impact of UV-B radiation on uptake of N-15-ammonia and N-15-nitrate by phytoplankton of the Wadden Sea, Marine Biology 1992, 112, 485-489.

Dohler, G., UV-effects on the nitrogen metabolism of marine phytoplankton and adaption to UV radiation, in Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Biggs, R. H. and Joyner, M. E. B., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 163-174.

Donahue N. M., Prinn, R. G., Nonmethane Hydrocarbon Chemistry in the Remote Marine Boundary Layer, Journal of Geophysical Research 1990, 95, 18,387-18,411.

Dring, M. J., Makarov, V., Schoschina, E., Lorenz, M., Luning, K., Influence of ultraviolet-radiation on chlorophyll fluorescence and growth in different life-history stages of three species of Laminaria (phaeophyta), Marine Biology 1996, 126, 183-191.

Drollet, J. H., Faucon, M., Martin, P. M. V., Elevated sea-water temperature and solar UV-B flux associated with two successive coral mass bleaching events in Tahiti, Marine and Freshwater Research 1995, 46, 1153-1157.

Dunlap, W. C., Chalker, B. E., Bandaranayake, W. M., New Sunscreening Agents Derived from Tropical Marine Organisms of the Great Barrier Reef Australia, Proceedings of the 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Volume 3 J. H. Choat et al., eds., Townsville, Australia, 1988, pp. 89-93.

Dunlap, W. C., Chalker, B. E., Oliver, J. K., Bathymetric adaptations of reef-building corals at Davies Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. III. UV-B absorbing compounds, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 1986, 104, 239-248.

Dunne, R. P., Brown, B. E., Penetration of solar UVB radiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; Results from the central Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 144, 109-118.

Edmunds, P. J., Evidence that reef-wide patterns of coral bleaching may be the result of the distribution of bleaching susceptible clones, Marine Biology 1994, 121, 137-142.

El-Sayed, S. Z., Effect of Ultraviolet Radiation on Antarctic Marine Phytoplankton, paper presented at 5th SCAR Symposium on Antarctic Biology, Hobart, 29 Aug. to 3 Sept., 1988.

El-Sayed, S. Z., Stephens, F. C., Bidigare, R. R., Ondrusek, M. E., Effect of ultraviolet radiation on Antarctic marine phytoplnakton, in Antarctic Ecosystems: Ecological Change and Conservation Kerry, K. R., Hempel, G., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990, pp. 379-385.

Ferek, R. J., Andreae, M. O., Photochemical Production of Carbonyl Sulfide in Marine Surface Waters, Nature 1984, 307, 148-150.

Figueroa, F.L., Salles, S., Aguilera, J., Jimenez, C., Mercado, J., Vinegla, B., Floresmoya, A., Altamirano, M., Effects of solar radiation on photoinhibition and pigmentation in the red alga Porphyra leucosticta, Marine Biology 1997, 151, 81-90.

Fleischman, E. M., The measurement and penetration of ultraviolet radition into tropical marine water, Limnology and Oceanography 1989, 34, 1623-1629.

Fouts, J. R., Piver, W. T., Human health effects and global climate change, Marine Technology Society Journal 1991, 25, 38-44.

Garciapichel, F., Bebout, B. M., Penetration of ultraviolet radiation into shallow water sediments: High exposure for photosynthetic communities, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 131, 257-262.

Gieskes, W. W. C., Buma, A. G. J., UV damage to plant life in a photobiologically dynamic environment:The case of marine phytoplankton, Plant Ecology 1997, 128, 16-25.

Gleason, D. F., Wellington, G. M., Variation in UVB sensitivity of planula larvae of the coral Agaricia agaricites along a depth gradient, Marine Biology 1995, 123, 693-703.

Goes, J. I., Handa, N., Taguchi, S., Hama, T., Effect of UV-B radiation on the fatty acid composition of the marine phytoplankton Tetraselmis sp: Relation to cellular pigments, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1994, 114, 259-274.

Goldberg, B., Radiometric measurements in the UV-B region of day light, in The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems Calkins, J., ed., Plenum, New York, 1982, pp. 121-129.

Hader, D. P., Novel method to determine vertical distributions of phytoplankton in marine water columns, Environmental and Experimental Botany 1995, 35, 547-555.

Hegg, D. A., Covert, D. S., Kapustin, V. N., Modeling a case of particle nucleation in the marine boundary layer, Journal of Geophysical Research 1992, 97, 9851-9857.

Helblilng, E. W., Marguet, E. R., Villafane, V. E., Holm-Hansen, O., Bacterioplankton viability in Antarctic waters as affected by solar ultraviolet radiation, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1995, 126, 293-298.

Helbling, E. W., Chalker, E. E., Dunlap, W. C., Holm-Hansen, O., Villafane, V. E., Photoacclimation of Antarctic marine diatoms to solar ultraviolet radiation, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 1996, 204, 85-101.

Helbling, E. W., Villafane, V., Ferrario, M., Holm-Hansen, O., Impact of natural ultraviolet radiation on rates of photosynthesis and on specific marine phytoplankton species, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1992, 80, 89-100.

Helbling, E. W., Villafane, V., Holm-Hansen, O., Effects of ultraviolet radiation on Antarctic marine phytoplankton photosynthesis with particular attention to the influence of mixing, in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects Weiler, C. S. and Penhale, P. A., eds., American Geophysical Union, 1994, pp. 207-227.

Holm-Hansen, O., UV radiation in Antarctic waters: Effect on rates of primary production, in Response of Marine Phytoplankton to Natural Variations in UV-B Flux Proceedings of a Workshop at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, B. G. Mitchell, O. Holm-Hansen, I. Sobolev, eds., Fluorocarbon Panel Report FC138-088, 1990.

Ishikura, M., Kato, C., Maruyama, T., UV-absorbing substances in zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate clams, Marine Biology 1997, 128, 649-655.

Itoh, N., Shinya, M., Seasonal evolution of bromomethanes from coralline algae (Corallinaceae) and its effect on atmospheric ozone, Marine Chemistry 1994, 45, 95-103.

Jokiel, P. L., York, R. H., Solar ultraviolet photobiology of the reef coral Pocillopora damicornis and symbiotic zooxanthellae, Bulletin of Marine Science 1982, 32, 301-315.

Kang, S. H., Lee, S. H., Antarctic phytoplankton assemblage in the western Bransfield Strait region, February 1993: Composition, biomass, and mesoscale distributions, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1995, 129, 253-267.

Karentz, D., DNA Repair Mechanisms in Antarctic Marine Organisms, Antarctic Journal of the United States 1988, 13, 114-115.

Karentz, D., McEuen, F. S., Land, M. C., Dunlap, W. C., Survey of microsporine-like amino acid compounds in Antarctic marine organism: potential protection from ultraviolet exposure, Marine Biology 1991, 108, 157-166.

Karentz, D., Ozone depletion and UV-B radiation in the Antarctic - Limitations to ecological assessment, Marine Pollution Bulletin 1992, 25, 231-232.

Karentz, D., Prevention of ultraviolet radiation damage in Antarctic marine invertebrates, in Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Biggs, R. H. and Joyner, M. E. B., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 175-180.

Karentz, D., Ultraviolet tolerance mechanisms in Antarctic marine organisms, in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects Weiler, C. S. and Penhale, P. A., eds., American Geophysical Union, 1994, pp. 93-110.

Karsten, U., Wiencke, C., Kirst, G. O., The effect of light intensity and daylength on the b-dimethylsulphonio-propionate (DMSP) content of marine green macroalgai from Antarctica, Plant Cell and Environment 1990, 12, 989-993.

Keller, A., Hargraves, P., Jeon, H., Kleinmacphee, G., Klos, E., Oviatt, C., Zhang, J. P., Ultraviolet-B radiation enhancement does not affect marine trophic levels during a winter-spring bloom, Ecoscience 1997, 4, 129-139.

Kinzie, R. A., Effects of ambient levels of solar ultraviolet radiation on zooxanthellae and photosynthesis of the reef coral Montipora verrucosa, Marine Biology 1993, 116, 319-327.

Kishino, M., Takahashi, N., Okami, N./Ichimura, S., Estimation of the spectral absorption coefficients of phytoplankton in the sea, Bulletin of Marine Science 1985, 37, 634-642.

Lesser, M. P., Acclimation of phytoplankton to UV-B radiation: Oxidative stress and photoinhibition of photosynthesis are not prevented by UV-absorbing compounds in the dinoflagellate Prorecentrum micans, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 141, 312.

Lesser, M. P., Cullen, J. J., Neale, P. J., Carbon uptake in a marine diatom during acute exposure to ultraviolet B radiation: Relative importance of damage and repair, Journal of Phycology in press, 1993.

Lesser, M. P., Cullen, J. J., Neale, P. J., Carbon uptake in a marine diatom during acute exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation - relative importance of damage and repair, Journal of Phycology 1994, 30, 183-192.

Lesser, M. P., Lewis, S., Action spectrum for the effects of UV radiation on photosynthesis in the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 134, 171-177.

Lesser, M. P., Schick, J. M., Effects of irradiance and ultraviolet radiation on photoadaption in zooxanthellae of Aiptasia pallida: Primary production, photoinhibition, and enzymic defenses against oxygen toxicity, Marine Biology 1989, 102, 243-255.

Logan, A., Halcrow, K., Tomascik, T., UV excitation-fluorescence in polyp tissue of certain scleractinian corals from Barbados and Bermuda, Bulletin of Marine Science 1990, 46, 807-813.

Marchant, H. J., Davidson, A. T., Kelly, G. J., UV-B protecting compounds in the marine alga Phaeocystis-pouchetii from Antarctica, Marine Biology 1991, 109, 391-395.

Matsunaga, T., Burgess, J. G., Yamada, N., Komatsu, K., Yoshida, S., Wachi, Y., An ultraviolet (UV-A) absorbing bipterin glucoside from the marine planktonic cyanobacterium oscillatoria sp., Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 1993, 39, 250-253.

Mitchell, B. G., Action spectra of ultraviolet photoinhibition of Antarctic phytoplankton and a model of spectral diffuse attenuation coefficients, in Response of Marine Phytoplankton to Natural Variations in UV-B Flux Mitchell, B. G., Holm-Hansen, O., Sobolev, I., eds., Chem. Manufact. Assoc., 1990, Appendix H, 1-15.

Mitchell, B. G., Holm-Hansen, O., Sobolev, I., eds., Response of Marine Phytoplankton to Natural Variations in UV-B Flux, Chemical Manufacturers Association, 1990.

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Prezelin, B. B., Boucher, N. P., Schofield, O.,Evaluation of field studies of UVB radiation effects on Antarctic marine primary productivity, in Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Biggs,H. and Joyner, M., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 181-194.

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Rawlings, T. A., Shields against ultraviolet radiation: An additional protective role for the egg capsules of benthic marine gastropods, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1996, 136, 81-95.

Sakka, A., Gosselin, M., Levasseur, M., Michaud, S., Monfort, P., Demers, S., Effects of reduced ultraviolet radiation on aqueous concentrations of dimethylsulfoniopropionate and dimethylsulfide during a microcosm study in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary, Marine Ecology - Progress Series 1997, 149, 227-238.

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Scripps Institute of Oceanography, Response of Marine Phytoplankton to Natural Variation in UV-B Flux, Workshop, May 1990, La Jolla.

Sebastian, C., Scheuerlein, R., Hader, D. P., Effects of solar and artificial ultraviolet radiation on pigment composition and photosysntesis in 3 prorocentrum strains, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 1994, 182, 251-263.

Sebastian, C., Scheuerlein, R., Hader, D. P., Graviperception and motility of three Prorocentrum strains impaired by solar and artificial ultraviolet radiation, Marine Biology 1994, 120, 1-7.

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Sundback, K., Odmark, S., Wulff, A., Nilsson, C., Wangberg, S. A., Effects of enhanced UVB radiation on a marine benthic diatom mat, Marine Biology 1997, 128, 171-179.

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