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Effects of Ozone & UV Radiations on the Human Health

Andley, U. P., Clark, B. A., The effects of near-UV radiation on human lens beta-crystallin: Protein structural changes and the production of O2- and H2O2, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A 1989, 50, 97-105.

Andrady, T., Polymer materials, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Lewis Publishers, Tevini, M., ed., 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Ansel, J. C., Luger, T. A., Green, I., The effect of in vitro and in vivo UV irradiation on the production of ETAF activity by human and murine keratinocytes, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1983, 81, 519-523.

Arlett, C. F., Cole, J., Photosensitive human syndromes and cellular defects in DNA repair, Ch. 12, in Ozone Depletion: Health and Environmental Consequences R. R. Jones and T. Wigley, eds., J. Wiley, Chichester, England, 1989, pp. 147-160.

Arlett, C. F., Lowe, J. E., Harcourt, S. A., Waugh, A. P. W., Cole, J., Roza, L., Diffey, B. L., Mori, T., Nikaido, O., Green, M. H. L., Hypersensitivity of human lymphocytes to UV-B and solar irradiation, Cancer Research 1993, 53, 609-614.

Baadsgaard, O., Wulf, C. H., Wantzin, G. L., Cooper, K. D., UV-B and UV-C, but not UV-A potentially induce the appearance of T6-DR+ antigen presenting cells in human epidermin, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1987, 89, 113-118.

Bentham, G., Depletion of the ozone layer - consequences for noninfectious human diseases, Parasitology 1993, 106, S39-S46.

Berger, D. S., Fluctuations and Trends in Environmental UV Loads, in Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations W. F. Passchier and B. F. M. Bosnjakovic, eds., Elsevier, New York, 1987, pp. 213-221.

Blumthaler M., Ambach, W., Human solar ultraviolet radiant exposure in high mountains, Atmospheric Environment 1988, 22, 749-753.

Blumthaler, M., Solar UV measurements, Ch. 3, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Fla., 1993, pp. 71-94.

Braun-Fahrlaender Ch, Kuenzli N, Domenighetti G, Carrel CF, AckermannLiebrich U. Assessment of acute ambient ozone effects on respiratory function in Swiss schoolchildren: a pilot study [Abstract]. Am Rev Respir Dis 1991; 143 (4 part 2): A91.

Bruls, W. A. G., Slaper, H., van der Leun, J. C., Berrens, L., Transmission of human epidermis and stratum corneum as a function of thickness in the ultraviolet and visible wavelengths, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1984, 40, 485-494.

Brunekreef B, Lebret E, Hoek G, van Kessel A. Effects of ozone on lung function in children living in the Netherlands [Abstract]. Arch Environ Health 1991; 46: 119.

CIE Research Note, A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin, CIE Journal Commission Internationale de l#'Eclairage, 1987, 6, 17-22.

Campbell, D., Quinn, A. G., Angus, B., Farr, P. M., Rees, J. L., Wavelength specific patterns of p53 induction in human skin following exposure to UV radiation, Cancer Research 1993, 53, 2697-2699.

Carrier, W. L., Snyder, R. D., Regan, J. D., Ultraviolet-induced damage and its repair in human DNA, in The Science of Photomedicine J. D. Regan, J. A. Parrish, eds., Plenum Press, New York, 1982, pp. 91-112.

Chapman, R.S., Effect of solar UV radiation on the risk of infectious disease in humans: epidemiological considerations. In Chapman et al., Photochemistry and Photobiology 1995, 61, 243.

Charache, D. H., Ultraviolet radiation modeling in human health and ecosystem impact studies, in Symposium on Environmental Applications (preprints) American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, 1996, pp. 166-169.

Cleaver, J. E., Genetics of human sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation, in Proceedings Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards D. H. Sliney and M. Belkin, eds., SPIE Vol. 2134B, 1994.

Coohill, T. P., Peak, M. J., Peak, J. G., The Effects of the Ultraviolet Wavelengths of Radiation Present in Sunlight on Human Cells in Vitro, Photobiochemistry and Photobiophysics 1987, 16, 1043-1050.

Cooper, K. D., Fox, P., Neises, G., Katz, S. I., Effects of ultraviolet radiation on human epidermal cell alloantigen presentation: initial depression of Langerhans cell-dependent function is followed by the appearance of T6-Dr+ cells that enhance epidermal alloantigen presentation, Journal of Immunology 1985, 134, 129-137.

Cooper, K. D., Neises, G. R., Katz, S. I., Antigen-presenting OKM5+ melanophages appear in human epidermis after ultraviolet radiation, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1986, 86, 363-370.

Cooper, K. D., Oberhelman, L., et al., UV exposure reduces immunization rates and promotes tolerance to epicutaneous antigens in humans--Relationship to dose, CD1A-DR+ epidermal macrophage induction and langerhans cell depletion, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 1992, 89, 8497-8501.

Cooper, K.D., Effects of UV radiation from artificial light sources on the human immune system. In Chapman et al., Photochemistry and Photobiology 1995, 61,231.

Cullen, A. P., Perera, S. C., Sunlight and human conjunctival action spectrum, in Proceedings Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards D. H. Sliney and M. Belkin, eds., SPIE Vol. 2134B, 1994.

D#'Ambrosio, S. M., Whetstone, J. W., Slazinski, L., Lowney, E., Photorepair of pyrimidine dimers in human skin in vivo, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1981, 34, 461-464.

DeFabo, E. C., Effects of UV-B radiation on human and animal health, in Stratospheric ozone depletion/UV-B radiation in the biosphere Biggs, R. H. and Joyner, M. E. B., eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994, pp. 197-198.

Devlin RE, McDonnell WF, Mann R, Becker S, House DE, Schreinemachers D, Koren HS. Exposure of humans to ambient levels of ozone for 6.6 hours causes cellular and biochemical changes in the lung. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 1991; 4: 72-81.

Eggset, G., Volden, G., Krokan, H., UV-induced DNA damage and its repair in human skin in vivo studied by sensitive immunohistochemical methods, Carcinogenesis 1983, 4, 745-750.

Fleming, A., Wong, C. F., Thomas, B. W., Statistical variation in experiments for measuremetns of human UV exposure, in Proceedings Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards D. H. Sliney and M. Belkin, eds., SPIE Vol. 2134B, 1994.

Fouts, J. R., Piver, W. T., Human health effects and global climate change, Marine Technology Society Journal 1991, 25, 38-44.

Freancis, A. A., Regan, J. D., Detection and repair of a UV-induced photosensitive lesion in the DNA of human cells, Mutation Research 1986, 165, 151-157.

Garadzha, M. P., Nezval#', Ye. I., Ultraviolet radiation in large cities and possible ecological consequences of its changing flux due to anthropogenic impact, in Climate and Human Health World Climate Programme Applications, WCAP-No. 2, Proceedings of the Symposium in Leningrad 22-26 Sept. 1986, World Meteorological Organization, 1987, pp. 64-68.

Gery, M. W., Tropospheric air quality, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Greiter, F., Urbach, F., et al., Systemic effects of UV radiation on human physiology, Photobiology Longworth, J. W., Fagger, J., Shropshire, Jr., W., eds., Praeger, NY, 1985, pp. 175-182.

Grewe, M., Trefzer, U., Ballhorn, A., Analysis of the mechanism of ultraviolet B radiation-induced prostaglandin E2 synthesis by human epidermoid carcinoma cells, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1993, 101, 528-5xx.

Hader, D.-P., Aquatic organisms, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Halaban, R., Tyrrell, L., Longley, J., Yarden, Y., Rubin, J., Pigmentation and proliferation of human melanocytes and the effects of melanocyte-stimulating hormone and ultraviolet B light, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1993, 680, 290-301.

Hare, H., Umemura, T., Jimbow, K., Unique dose-dependent and melanogenesis-dependent fromazan formation in human-melanoma cells after UVB exposure, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1992, 98, 657.

Hersey, P., Effects of solar radiation on the human immune system: clinical studies. In Chapman et al., Photochemistry and Photobiology 1995, 61, 239.

Hersey, P., MacDonald, M., Burns, C., et al., Analysis of the effect of a sunscreen agent on the suppression of natural killer cell activity induced in human subjects by radiation from solarium lamps, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1987, 88, 271-276.

Hersey, P., MacDonald, M., Henderson, C., Schibeci, S., D#'Alessandro, G., Pryor, M., Wilkinson, F. J., Suppresson of natural killer cell activity in humans by radiation from solarium lamps depleted of UVB, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1988, 90, 305-310.

Holmberg, M., Prior exposure of human cells to near-UV radiation gives a decrease in the amount of the unscheduled DNA synthesis induced by far UV radiation, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1983, 37, 293-296.

Hoover, H. H., Sunglasses, pupil dilation, and solar ultraviolet irradiance of the human lens and retina, Applied Optics 1987, 26, 689-695.

Horn, T. D., Morison, W. L., Farzadegan, H., Zmudzka, B. Z., Beer, J. Z., The effects of ultraviolet radiation on HIV in humans - a pilot study, Clinical Research 1993, A502.

Hough, A. M., Derwent, R. G., Changes in the global concentration of tropospheric ozone due to human activities, Nature 1990, 344, 645-648.

Jendritsky, G., Selected questions of topical interest in human bioclimatology, International Journal of Biometeorology 1991, 35, 139-150.

Jones, R. R., Consequences for human health of stratospheric ozone depletion, Ch. 16 in Ozone Depletion: Health and Environmental Consequences R. R. Jones and T. Wigley, eds., J. Wiley, Chichester, England, 1989, pp. 207-227.

Jones, R. R., Ozone depletion and its effects on human populations, British Journal of Dermatology 1992, 127, 2-6.

Kaidbey, K., Kligman, A., The acute effects of longwave ultraviolet radiation on human skin, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1978, 72, 253-256.

Keyse, S. M., Moses, S. H., Davies, D. J. G., Action spectra for inactivation of normal and xeroderma pigmentosum human skin fibroblasts by ultraviolet radiation, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1983, 37, 307-312.

Kinzig, A. P., Socolow, R. H., Human impacts on the nitrogen cycle, Physics Today Nov. 1994, 47(11), 24-31.

Krueger, J. P., Rowlands, I. H., Protecting the earth#'s ozone layer, Global Environmental Change - Human and Policy Dimensions 1996, 6, 245-247.

Krutmann, J., Bohnert, E., Jung, E. G., Evidence that DNA damage is a mediate in ultraviolet B radiation-induced inhibition of human gene expression, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1994, 102, 428-4xx.

Leaf, A., Loss of stratospheric ozone and health effects of increased ultraviolet radiation, in Critical Condition: Human Health and the Environment The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1993, 139-150.

Learn, D. B., Beard, J., Maloney, S. J., The ultraviolet-C energy emitted from FS lamps contributes significantly to the induction of human erythema and murine ear edema, Photodermatology, Photoimmunology, and Photomedicine 1993, 9, 147-153.

Li, Y. F., Kim, S.-T., Sancer, A., Evidence for lack of DNA photoreactivating enzyme in humans, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 1993, 90, 4389-4393.

Longstreth, J. D., de Gruijl, F. R., Kripke, M. L., Takizawa, Y., Vanderleun, J. C., Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on human health, Ambio 1995, 24, 153-165.

Madronich, S., UV radiation in the natural and perturbed atmosphere, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993, pp. 17-69.

McDonnell WF, Kehrl HR, Abdul-Saleem S, Ives PJ, Folinsbee LJ, Devlin RE, O'Neill JJ, Horstman DH. Respiratory response of humans exposed to low levels of ozone for 6.6 hours. Arch Environ Health 1991; 46: 145-150.

McKinlay, A. F., A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet-induced erythema in human skin, CIE Journal Commission Internationale de l#'Eclairage, 1987, 6, 17-22.

McKinlay, A. F., Diffey, B. L., A Reference Action Spectrum for Ultra-Violet Induced Erythema in Human Skin, in Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations W. F. Passchier and B. F. M. Bosnajakovic, eds., Elsevier Science, 1987, pp. 83-87.

McMichael, A. J., Planetary Overload. Global Environmental Change and the Health of the Human Species, Cambridge Univ. Press, NY, 1993, 352 pp.

Molfino NA, Wright SC, Katz I, Tarlo S, Silverman F, McClean PA, Szalai JP, Raizenne M, Slutsky AS, Zamel N. Effect of low concentrations of ozone on inhaled allergen responses in asthmatic subjects. Lancet 1991; 338: 199-203.

Moll, I., Bohnert, E., Treib, U., Effects of ultraviolet B radiation on cytoskeletal and adhesion molecules in human epidermis, Photodermatology, Photoimmunology, and Photomedicine 1994, 10, 26-xx.

Morison, W. L., Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation on the Immune System in Humans, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1989, 50, 515-524.

Morrey, J. D., et al., In vivo activation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 long terminal repeat by UV type A (UV-A) light plus psoralen and UV-B light in the skin of transgenic mice, Journal of Virology 1991, 65, 5045-50xx.

Moysan, A., Marquis, I., Gaboriau, F., Santus, R., Dubertret, L., Morliere, P., Ultraviolet-A induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems in cultured human skin fibroblasts, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1993, 100, 692-698.

Mukhtar, H., Bickers, D. R., Environmental skin cancer: Mechanisms, models and human relevance, Cancer Research 1993, 53, 3439-3442.

Murphy, G. M., Norris, P. G., Young, A. R., Low-dose ultraviolet-B irradiation depletes human epidermal Langerhans cells, British Journal of Dermatology 1993, 129, 674-6xx.

Niggli, H. J., Cerutti, P. A., Cyclobutane-type pyrimidine photodimer formation and excision in human skin fibroblasts after irradiation with 313 nm ultraviolet light, Biochemistry 1983, 22, 1390-1395.

Oongstreth, J. D., de Gruijl, F. R., Kripke, M. L., Takizawa, Y., van der Leun, J. C., Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on human health, Chapter 2 in Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, 1994, pp. 23-48.

Panferova, N. E., Gutorova, L. V., Kabesheva, T. A., Pervushin, V. I., Effect of supererythematous doses of UV radiation on the general condition of human organism, Kosmicheskaia Biologiia i Aviakosmicheskaia Meditsina 1991, 25, 50-54, in Russian.

Parrish, J. A., Anderson, R. R., Urbach, F., Pitts, D., UV-A: Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation with Emphasis on Human Responses to Longwave Ultraviolet, Plenum, NY, 1978.

Parrish, J. A., Jaenicke, K. F., Anderson, R. R., Erythema and melanogenesis action spectra of normal human skin, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1982, 36, 187-191.

Passchier, W. F., Bosnjakovic, B. F. M., Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1987.

Peak, J. G., Peak, M. J., Sikorski, R. S., Jones, C. A., Induction of DNA-protein crosslinks in human cells by ultraviolet and visible radiations: action spectrum, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1985, 41, 295-302.

Perma, J. J., Mannix, M. L., Rooney, J. E., Notkins, A. L., Straus, S. E., Reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus infection by ultraviolet radiation: A human model, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1987, 17, 197-212.

Potten, C. S., Chadwick, C. A., Cohen, A. J., Nikaido, O., Matsunaga, T., Schiper, N. W., Young, A. R., DNA damage in UV-irradiated human skin in vivo, International Journal of Radiation Biology 1993, 63, 313-324.

Regan, J. D., et al., Cyclobutane-pyrimidine dimer excision in UV-sensitive CHO mutants and the effect of the human ERCC2 repair gene, Mutation Research - DNA Repair Reports, 1990, 235, 157-163.

Rosenstein, B. S., Ducore, J. M., Induction of DNA strand breaks in normal human fibroblasts exposed to monochromatic ultraviolet and visible wavelengths in the 240-546 nm range, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1983, 38, 51-55.

Rosenstein, B. S., Mitchell, D. L., Action spectra for the induction of pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in normal human skin fibroblasts, Photobiochemistry and Photobiophysics 1987, 45, 775-780.

Rosenstein, R. S., Survival, excision, repair, and inhibition of DNA synthesis in normal human skin fibroblasts exposed to simulated sunlight, Journal of Photochemistry B 1992, 16, 247-255.

Schacter, B., Lederman, M. M., Levine, M. J., Ellner, J. J., Ultraviolet radiation inhibits human natural killer activity and lymphocyte proliferation, Journal of Immunology 1983, 130, 2484-2487.

Schauberger, G., Keck, G., Cabaj, A., Human behavior in the solar radiation field with reference to ultraviolet exposure, Hautarzt 1992, 43, 542-547.

Scotto, J., Fears, T. R., Fraumeni, J. F. Jr., Incidence of Monmelanoma Skin Cancer in the United States, National Institutes of Health Publication No. 80-2154, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 1983, 113 pp.

Stanley, s. K., et al., UV-induced DNA damage as an intermediate step in UV-induced expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, collagenase, C-Fos, and metallothionein, Molecular and Cellular Biology 1989, 9, 5169-51xx.

Stein, B., Rahmsdorf, H. J., Steffen, A., Litfin, M., Herrlich, P., UV-induced DNA damage is an intermediate step in UV-induced expression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, collagenase, c-fos, and metallothionein, Molecular and Cellular Biology 1989, 9, 5169-5181.

Stick, C., Harms, V., Pielke, L., Measurements of solar ultraviolet irradiance with respect to the human body surface, in Proceedings Ultraviolet Radiation Hazards D. H. Sliney and M. Belkin, eds., SPIE Vol. 2134B, 1994.

Strickland, P. T., Vitasa, B. C., Bruze, M., Emmett, E. A., West, S., Taylor, H. R., Solar radiation induced skin cancer and DNA photoproducts in humans, Basic Life Science 1990, 53, 83-94.

Strickland, P. T., Vitasa, B. C., Bruze, M., Emmett, E. A., West, S., Taylor, H. R., Solar radiation induced skin cancer and DNA photoproducts in humans, Basic Life Science 1991, 53, 83-94.

Sutherland, J. C., Sutherland, B. M., Human photoreactivating enzyme, Biophysical Journal 1975, 15, 435-440.

Takahashi, S., Pearse, A. D., Marks, R., The effects of UVB irradiation on photooncogene expression in human epidermis, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1992, 98, 542.

Tevini, M., Molecular Biological Effects of UV Radiation, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Tevini, M., Terrestrial plants, in UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion; Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials Tevini, M., ed., Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993.

Tevini, M., ed., UV-B Radiation and Ozone Depletion: Effects of Humans, Animals, Plants, Microorganisms, and Materials, Lewis Publishers, 2000 Corp. Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431, 1993, 256 pp.

Thiers, B. H., Maize, J. C., Spicer, S. S., Cantor, A. B., The effect of aging and chronic sun exposure on human Langerhans cell populations, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 1984, 82, 223-226.

Tormanen, V. T., Pfeifer, G. P., Mapping of UV photoproducts within ras protooncogenes in UV-irradiated cells - correlation with mutations in human skin cancer, Oncogene 1992, 7, 1729-1736.

Tornaletti, S., Rozek, D., Pfeifer, G. P., The distribution of UV photoproducts along the human p53 gene and its relation to mutations in skin cancer, Oncogene 1993, 8, 2051-2057.

Tyrrell, R. M., Pidoux, M., Action spectra for human skin cells: estimates of the relative cytotoxicity of the middle ultraviolet, near ultraviolet, and violet regions of sunlight on epidermal keratinocytes, Cancer Research 1987, 47, 1825-1839.

Tyrrell, R. M., Pidoux, M., Endogenous glutathione protects human skin fibroblasts against the cytotoxic action of UVB, UVA and near-visible light, Photobiochemistry and Photobiophysiology, 1986, 44, 561-564.

Tyrrell, R. M., Werfelli, P., Moraes, E. C., Lethal action of ultraviolet and visible (blue-violet) radiationat defined wavelengths on human lymphoblastoid cells: action spectra and interaction sites, Photochemistry and Photobiology, 1984, 39, 183-189.

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Urbach, F., Man and Ultraviolet Radiation, in Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations W. F. Passchier and B. F. M. Bosnjakovic, eds., Elsevier, 1987, pp. 3-16.

Urbach, F., Patterns of human exposure to ultraviolet radiation, in Photobiology Riklis, E., ed., 1991, pp. 1037-1042.

Urbach, F., Possible effects of increased ultraviolet radiation on human skin, Light in Biology and Medicine Douglas, R. H., Moan, J., Rento, G., eds., 1991, 2, pp. 283-290.

Urbach, F., Potential Effects of Altered Solar Ultraviolet Radiation on Human Skin Cancer, Photochemistry and Photobiology 1989, 50, 507-513.

Urbach, F., Relationship of stratospheric ozone depletion to risk of human skin cancer, in The Analysis of Actual Versus Perceived Risk Covello, V. T., Flamm, W. G., Rodricks, J. V., Tardiff, R. G., eds., Pergamon Press, New York, 1983, pp. 281-302.

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