Figure 1. Best Track analysis of Hurricane Stan from 1-5 October 2005.1
Light Red=Category 1-2 Hurricane
Dark Red=Category 3-5 Hurricane
Stan was only the second “s” storm to develop in history, the other being Sebastien during the 1995 Hurricane Season. Stan was a weak hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, but nonetheless caused catastrophic damage and many deaths throughout Central America.
Officially, Stan is responsible for 80 deaths in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Chiapas, however, Stan was embedded in a larger-scale surface circulation which dumped huge amounts of rainfall on portions of Central America. This caused massive flooding and catastrophic landslides that likely killed as many as 2000 individuals2.
Stan developed during the morning of 1 October into a Tropical Depression about 110 miles southeast of Cozumel, Mexico. From there, he continued on a slow northwestward track towards the Yucatan Peninsula and became the eighteenth named Storm of the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season early on 2 October, just prior to making landfall south of Cozumel.
Stan briefly lost Tropical Storm status just before entering into the Gulf of Mexico after interacting with land for 24 hours. He did, however, regain Tropical Storm strength once back over open waters in the Bay of Campeche. Stan quickly began to change direction, heading southwest towards southeastern Mexico and the Veracruz area. At 4 AM EDT on 4 October, Stan became a minimal Category 1 Hurricane with 75 mph maximum sustained surface winds, and made landfall shortly thereafter as a minimal hurricane. Stan quickly dissipated into a Tropical Storm over the very mountainous terrain of southeastern Mexico, and by 4 AM CDT on 5 October, had become a weak low-level swirl over the mountains3.
Data, Images and Animations
+Explore and analyze gridded data of the hurricane using the GES-DISC Interactive Online Visualization and Analysis Infrastructure (Giovanni)
+Use Mirador or WHOM to obtain data provided by the GES DISC DAAC for a hurricane event.
+View animations and images of Hurricane Stan in the 2005 Past Hurricane Archive.
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MODIS Terra RGB using the MOD02HKM product. This image is of the swath data from Oct 03 at 1640 hrs. More images like this and parameters animation created from other datasets can be seen in our Archive Image Gallery for hurricane Stan
1. Image courtesy of the NOAA coastal Services Center Http://hurricane.csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes
2. Pasch, Richard J; Roberts, David P. “Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Stan.” 14 February 2006. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL202005_Stan.pdf (9 July 2006).
3. Knabb, Richard. “Tropical Depression Stan Advisory Number 17.” 5 October 2005. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/pub/al202005.public.015.shtml? (10 July 2006).