Nimbus HRIR film data image of Hurricane Inez. Inez occurred in September-October 1966, and killed hundreds of people, notably in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and the United States.
The Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) would like to announce the recovery and availability of NASA¹s Nimbus earth observing satellite data, which provided some of the initial Earth observations that modern environmental and climate remote sensing are founded upon.
Nimbus data, originally in the form of images captured on film, are now digitized, archived, and available by FTP from GES DISC on-line storage or through the EOSDIS REVERB/ECHO data retrieval system.
The film strip negatives were scanned at a high resolution (higher than the original data) and saved as JPEG-2000 image files. Any application that supports the JPEG-2000 format can be used to read these image files. Each film strip contains one orbit of scaled brightness temperatures, along with geographic marks to assist in geolocating the image. Documentation can be found in the Nimbus User Guides available online from the DISC; the User Guides can also be found at the NASA Technical Reports Server
The collection is fairly complete for the available observations from the Nimbus 1-3 High Resolution Infrared Radiometer (HRIR). There are selected samples from the Medium Resolution Infrared Radiometer (MRIR), which orbited on Nimbus 2 and Nimbus 3; the Temperature-Humidity Infrared Radiometer (THIR), which was on Nimbus 4, 5, 6, and 7; and the Electrically Scanning Microwave Radiometer (ESMR) on Nimbus 5. Users can use the image product files to assist in the analysis of the Nimbus binary digital data product files, since there is some overlap in coverage.
Questions regarding these datasets should be addressed to:
The data access page for Nimbus film data is located here:
Documentation for each of the Nimbus satellites is located here: