As evidenced by a growing body of scientific literature, use of the NASA GES DISC Interactive Online Visualization ANd aNalysis Infrastructure, Giovanni, is proliferating in the scientific community. The number of peer-reviewed research papers utilizing Giovanni surpassed 100 in 2009; in 2009 alone, 46 papers in which Giovanni was used have been published, and the year isn't over yet – several other papers are known to be "in press" pending publication.
Giovanni has been utilized in papers published in high-impact journals such as Science, Journal of Geophysical Research, Deep-Sea Research, and Remote Sensing of Environment. The system has also been used in research published in more diverse journals, like the Norwegian journal of ecology Oikos, the Journal of Arid Environments, and Marine Micropaleontology, Giovanni was even used in a book chapter entitled "Immunocomputing for Spatio-Temporal Forecast" in the book Handbook of Research on Artificial Immune Systems and Natural Computing.
Similar to the way in which cellular phones evolved from a novel technology used by a few select people to a virtually indispensable technology with expanding applications used by millions – Giovanni is being increasingly embraced by the scientific community as a reliable, accurate, easy-to-use system providing remote-sensing data in a manner that allows quick integration into a variety of research and applications. The appearance of journal papers using Giovanni is the highly-visible "tip of the iceberg", as it may take several years for research studies to go from the concept stage to final publication of results. Thus, while journal papers demonstrate the usefulness of Giovanni to research scientists, the use of Giovanni is also found over a much broader realm of science and applications. As examples, Giovanni has been used:
- in a European commission report on the water cycle, specifically examining climate change and droughts;
- to supplement a study of the distribution of baleen whales based on echolocation signals detected by sonar;
- to aid with site selection for the Cherenkov Telescope Array, a ground-based gamma-ray telescope;
- to augment determination of flooding hazards during the annual Indian monsoon; and
- to investigate the foraging behavior of loggerhead turtles along the U.S. East Coast.
The use of Giovanni is also being increasingly observed in student research projects, masters theses, and doctoral dissertations that can be found online, which is likely only a small sampling of the actual utilization of Giovanni by scientific educators. Giovanni images are now easy to integrate into Google Earth, and Giovanni data visualizations regularly appear in scientific blog postings. And it is not difficult to find the remarkably large number of talks and poster presentations at scientific meetings around the world in the past several years that have utilized Giovanni, which will again be evident at the 2009 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting in San Francisco this December.