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Aerosol Index

Other Names

Aerosol Absorbing Index, Aerosol Absorbing Indicator, AI, AAI

Definition

It is an index that detects the presence of uv-absorbing aerosols such as dust and soot.

UV Aerosol index (AI) is based on a spectral contrast method in a UV region where the ozone absorption is very small. It is the difference between the observations and model calculations of absorbing and non absorbing spectral radiance ratios. For TOMS & OMI, AI is defined as

AI = 100   [ log10 (I360/I331)measured - log10 (I360/I331)calculated]

Positive values of Aerosol Index generally represent absorbing aerosols (dust and smoke) while small or negative values represent nonabsorbing aerosols and clouds. The Index can be interpreted in terms of optical depth if the index of refraction, particle size distribution, and the height of the aerosol layer are known from other measurements.

GOME (ERS-2) defines similar index called Absorbing Aerosols Indicator (AAI). Following TOMS AI definition GOME AAI also uses two wavelength intervals around 340 nm and 380 nm.

However, POLDER on ADEOS-1 & 2 define Aerosol Index (for small size particles) as the product of the retrieved aerosol optical thickness and Angstrom exponent.

Applications

(1) Atmospheric correction of remotely sensed surface features(5) Air Quality
(2) Monitoring of sources and sinks of aerosols(6) Health and Environment
(3) Monitoring of volcanic eruptions and forest fire(7) Earth Radiation Budget
(4) Radiative Transfer Model(8) Climate Change

GES DISC Datasets

Quick Search for 'Aerosol Index' with Mirador
Click on the corresponding 'Data access' links in the table below to access products containing specific parameter.

ParameterUnitsPlatform /InstrumentData Products
Begin DateEnd DateData AccessDoc
Aerosol Index over land and ocean at ground pixel resolutionNoneAura/OMI2004-08-15CurrentOMTO3Y
Earth Probe/TOMS1996-07-252005-12-31TOMSEPL2Y
Nimbus-7/TOMS1978-11-011993-05-06TOMSN7L2Y
Aerosol Index over land and ocean at ground pixel resolution global gridded (0.25 deg lat/lon grid)NoneAura/OMI2004-08-15CurrentOMTO3GY
Daily means of Aerosol Index over land and ocean, global gridded (TOMS:1 x 1.25 ; OMI 1x1 deg grids)NoneEarth Probe/TOMS1996-07-252005-12-31TOMSEPL3Y
Nimbus-7/TOMS1978-11-011993-05-06TOMSN7L3Y
Aura/OMI2004-08-15CurrentOMTO3dY
OMTO3eY

Other sources for data

 

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Last updated: Dec 02, 2011 03:21 PM ET
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