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GES DISC DAAC Data Guide:UARS MLS Level 3A Data Sets Document

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Link to MLS Home Page

 

Summary:

The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) is one of 10 instruments aboard the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS).Its measurement objectives include chlorine monoxide, nitric acid, ozone, sulfur dioxide, water vapor, and atmospheric temperature in the stratosphere and mesosphere. MLS made daily measurements from 18 September 1991 through 15 March 1994 (although stratospheric water vapor measurements ceased on 15 April 1993). From 15 March 1994 the measurements became increasingly sparse in order to conserve lifetime of the MLS antenna scan mechanism and UARS power. MLS Level 3A data ended 27 July 1999, though MLS continued operating until 25 August 2001. MLS data have been processed to levels 1, 2, 3AL and 3AT.Currently, MLS level 3A data products are available from the Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC).

 

Table of Contents:

 

1. Data Set Overview


Data Set Identification:

UARS MLS LEVEL 3AL DAILY LATITUDE ORDERED DATA
UARS MLS LEVEL 3AT DAILY TIME ORDERED DATA

 


Data Set Introduction:

The MLS level 3A data are a subset of the UARS data Set.The MLS data are archived as two data products at the DAAC:

 


Level 3AL

MLS level 3AL data are daily latitude- and time-ordered data interpolated to intervals of 4 degrees latitude at the intersection of the tangent track of the instrument's line of sight (LOS).Each record consists of a single array of data of one parameter for a specific time.Level 3AL data records are written to UARS defined standard latitudes, which range from -88 to +88 degrees in 4 degree intervals.

 


Level 3AT

MLS level 3AT data are daily time-ordered data, arranged at time intervals of 65.536 seconds, or about 495 km intervals along the LOS tangent track.The reference time at which level 3AT data are arranged is common across all UARS level 3AT files.

 


Objective:

MLS measures naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of selected atmospheric gases, temperature and pressure. The first MLS experiment in space is on NASA's Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) with its major objective to improve understanding of stratospheric ozone, especially ozone depletion due to chlorine chemistry.

 


Summary of Parameters:

The primary MLS data products are vertical stratospheric profiles of ozone (O3) at 183 and 205 GHz, chlorine monoxide (ClO), water vapor (H2O), and temperature.Additional data products which have been obtained from the UARS MLS include sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitric acid (HNO3), upper tropospheric water vapor, temperature variances associated with atmospheric gravity wave activity, and geopotential height.

 


Discussion:

The MLS Level 3AL and 3AT data files are written in the Standard Data Format Units (SFDU) format.Each file consists of three records called SFDU, LABEL, and DATA.SFDU and LABEL records contain descriptive information about the instrument and the data, such as start/stop time of the data, number of records in the file, etc.The DATA record contains the profile data and their standard deviations. Time, latitude longitude, local solar time, and solar zenith angles are provided with each DATA record.Each data file is accompanied by a short ASCII metadata file, which provides descriptive information such as the start and stop time of the data, file record lengths, and the UARS quality flag.

After the original level 3A file formats were agreed to, it was realized that additional parameters were needed to describe the MLS data.Level 3LP and 3TP parameter files were created to include values for the MLS diagnostic quantities and retrieval quality indicators. These are needed to supply reliable interpretation of the data in the corresponding data files. Each level 3AL file for a given day is accompanied by a level 3LP file.Similarly, each level 3AT file for a given day is accompanied by a level 3TP file.The 3LP and 3TP files also consist of the three record types SFDU, LABEL and DATA, and are also accompanied by their own ASCII metadata files.

 


Related Data Sets:

All UARS level 3AL and 3AT files use the same formats to allow for intercomparisons of atmospheric profiles between the different instruments. Other UARS instruments which measure chemical species include the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES), the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE), and the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS).

2. Investigators:


Principal Investigator:

Name:
Joe W. Waters
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Mail Code 183-701
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA91109-8099
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: (818) 354-3025
FAX: (818) 393-5065
Electronic Mail Address:
joe@mlsrac.jpl.nasa.gov

 


Title of Investigation:

Microwave Limb Sounder

 


Contact Information:

Name:
MLS Data Manager
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Mail Code 183-701
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA91109-8099
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: (818) 354-1995
FAX: (818) 393-5065
Electronic Mail Address:
mlsdaac@jplrac.jpl.nasa.gov

3. Theory of Measurements:

The MLS instrument's major objective is to improve understanding of stratospheric ozone, especially ozone depletion due to chlorine chemistry. The MLS experiments measure naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of selected atmospheric gases, temperature and pressure.

4. Equipment:


Instrument Description:


Overview:

The UARS MLS instrument is a limb sounder.It views perpendicular to the orbital velocity vector from the never illuminated side of the of the UARS satellite.The satellite's altitude of 585 km permits the elevation scanning MLS to view the atmosphere at tangent points about 22 tp 24 degrees below the orbital track.When the satellite faces forward in the direction it is moving with the MLS viewing the non-illuminated side, a latitude coverage of 34oN to 80oS is provided.When facing backward, the coverage is from 80oN to 34oS.

The UARS MLS instrument has three assemblies: sensor, spectrometer and power supply. Thermal control of the sensor is radiational by louvers, with in-orbit temperature stability of approximately 0.01oC or better, allowing "total power" measurements which do not require fast switching to a reference. The overall instrument mass is 280 kg, power consumption is 163 W fully-on, and data rate is 1250 bits/second.


Collection Environment:

Satellite data are collected from a near-circular Earth orbit of about 585 km altitude and 57 degree inclination.

 


Platform:

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS).

 


Platform Mission Objectives:

UARS was launched September 12, 1991 with the mission of investigating the chemical and dynamical processes of the Earth's upper atmosphere.See the UARS Project document for more information.

5. Data Acquisition Methods:

Data are telemetered from UARS through the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) to the Data Capture Facility (DCF) at NASA GSFC.From there the data are given an initial quality check, and are then forwarded to the UARS Central Data Handling Facility (CDHF).The instrument PI teams are connected to the CDHF through remote analysis computers (RACs), where they have developed software to convert the raw data to higher level processed data.The CDHF uses the production software to convert the level 0 (raw) data to level 1, 2, 3A and 3B data. The Goddard DAAC acquires the UARS data from the CDHF.

6. Observations:


Data Notes:

None at this time.

7. Data Description:


Spatial Characteristics:


Spatial Coverage:

Spatial coverage alternates each UARS yaw cycle, approximately 36 days, between latitude -34 to 80 (northward looking) and latitude -72 to 45 (southward looking). MLS views the limb of the Earth perpendicular to the UARS orbital velocityvector, andtypically scansindiscretestepsfrom about 5 km to 90 km every MLS major frame of 65.536seconds.

 


Spatial Coverage Map:

Data coverage for MLS looking northward on 5/22/1992.

Map showing UARS orbital tracks

 


Spatial Resolution:

Level 3AL: 4 degrees latitude.
Level 3AT: about 3 degrees latitude near the equator.
Vertical resolution isabout 5 km for species profiles, and horizontal (along-track) resolution is 10 to 30 km.

 


Projection:

Not Applicable.

 


Grid Description:

All MLS level 3A data have been referenced to the UARS standard pressure grid.The index of the data array defines the pressure level (in millibars) given by:
  P(i) = 1000 x 10**(-i/6) mb, where i=0,1,2,...

Temporal Characteristics:

 


Temporal Coverage:

Temporal coverage is from 19 September 1991 to the present. The 183 GHz radiometer failed in April 1993.The last good full day of data was April 15, 1993 (UARS Day 582), for ozone from the 183-GHz band and for H2O.Therefore, only fields for O3_183 and H2O prior to April 16 1993 should be used for scientific studies. Occasional interference effects (induced by the switching mirror stepper motor at low spacecraft battery voltage) can perturb the radiances and retrieved parameter values.This problem occurred largely between September 1992 and June 1993, typically just before sunrise (at the satellite location) for a few minutes.Some diagnostics are sensitive to this effect (quality fields in the Level 3 parameter files show a degradation for ClO and O3_205), but this is not reflected in the error bars (quality values) given in the Level 3A files.

After 2.3 years in orbit (in late December 1993), the antenna- scanning mechanism began to exhibit signs of wear.March 1994 through May 1994, and July 1994 were periods of testing and significantly reduced data gathering; these months have from one third of the days with bad data to almost all bad days (days with no profiles retrieved). August and September of 1994 contain mostly good data, but the months of October 1994 through January 1995 again have very few days of useful atmospheric profile data.Reverse scanning and other modifications to the operations (including short periods of "mechanism rest" every orbit) have been implemented since February 1, 1995.Very little limb data gathering (typically only a few days per month) occurred from February through July 1995, which was a period during which instrument power sharing began for UARS (in May 1995) because of poor solar array performance.Since June 1995, MLS has been in a mode of operation characterized by off periods for power savings and on periods during which typically 2 days of full (reverse) scans are obtained followed by one day of limb tracking at altitudes near 18 km.The limb tracking days do not lead to standard cataloged profile data files, although there is some information on the atmosphere from those days.The August 1995 through September 1996 time period generally contains about one half to one third catalogued good days for atmospheric profiles, and this mode of operation is expected to continue.We note that MLS has been operating without "scan slips" since January 1995.

Calendars describing the various instrument modes (especially useful for time periods since March 1994, but also prior to this) can be made available for interested users by contacting JPL.However, access of the diagnostic parameters mentioned above should generally allow users to appropriately screen for bad quality data and is ultimately needed for optimum use of the MLS Level 3 data.

 


Temporal Resolution:

The temporal resolution of MLS level 3A data granules is daily.

 


Data Characteristics:

 


Parameters:

UARS MLS measures microwave thermal emission from selected atmospheric molecules, and provides information ontangent pressureand temperature. The measured parameters are listed in the table below with the original subtype name, DAAC parameter name, units, and valid range:
Subtype DAAC Parameter Name Units Range
CLO CHLORINE MONOXIDE vmr  
H2O WATER VAPOR vmr  
HNO3 NITRIC ACID vmr  
O3_183 OZONE AT 183 GHz vmr  
O3_205 OZONE AT 205 GHz vmr  
SO2 SULFUR DIOXIDE vmr  
TEMP ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE K 0 to 300

NOTE:volume mixing ratio(vmr) = 10e-6 ppmv.

8. Data Organization:


Data Granularity:

MLS Level 3A granules are defined such that there is one granule for each process level (3AL and 3AT), and parameter/subtype per day.Thus, for MLS there are 6 granules per day.Each granule is a multi-file granule consisting of four files:

 

  1. The binary data file (files ending with PROD, or *PROD extension) which contains the vertical profile data, and quality (variances), along with time, latitude, longitude, local solar time, and solar zenith angle.

     

  2. An ASCII metadata file (files ending with META, or *META extension) associated with the data file containing items such as the begin date, end date, PI assigned quality flag and record length size of the data file.

     

  3. A binary parameter file (also *PROD extension) designated 3LP for 3AL granules, and 3TP for 3AT granules.The subtype for these files is PARAM.The MLS parameter files contain identifiers for satellite and instrument, latitude and longitude, time and assorted record information. These files were added to accommodate the additional MLS values after the 3AL and 3AT file formats had already been finalized.

     

  4. An ASCII metadata file associated with the parameter file (also *META extension).The information is identical to the metadata file associated with the data file, except that the record length applies to the parameter file.

The naming convention for UARS files distributed by the Goddard DAAC is as follows:

MLS_Llll_Sssss_Ddddd.Vvvvv_Ccc_xxxx, where

lll
is the UARS processing level (3AL, 3AT, 3LP, or 3TP),
ssss
is the subtype or parameter),
dddd
is the UARS acquisition day (0001 = 12 September 1991),
vvvv
is the data version number,
cc
is the data version cycle number, and
xxxx
is the file extension (PROD for the binary files, or META for the ASCII metadata files)

For a full description of the naming convention see the "meta_desc.doc" file.

 


Data Format:

The data are in a native UARS format (SFDU). The files were originally created on a VAX/VMS system at the UARS CDHF, and now exist as UNIX stream files at the Goddard DAAC.WINDII data file structures are presented in the Standard Formatted Data Units (SFDU) documents listed in the References section.

9. Data Manipulations:


Formulae:

 


Derivation Techniques and Algorithms:

All the algorithms used to process the data are defined in detail in various software design documents, however, these are not needed to understand the MLS data.The algorithms are set up to operate on measurements in sequence.One atmospheric measurement is composed of a background image and 4 (90 degree phase steps), 8 (45 degree phase steps) or 2*4 (90 degree phase steps for each group of 4 images) phase images. A 2*4 phase image measurement is called a "repeated measurement". Frequent calibration measurements are also processed and used with the corresponding atmospheric measurements. A frequent calibration measurement comprises a dark current image and 4 phase images of one of the on board calibration lamps.

Data Processing Sequence:

 


Processing Steps:

The data processing is divided into three main jobs.The first job reads the raw telemetry files or level 0 data and interprets the data packet headers.The measurements are separated according to the atmospheric line observed and saved in intermediate files.Next the instrument calibration data is used to subtract dark current and to convert the count rate per bin to a line of sight intensity given in rayleighs.Once the known instrument corrections are made effects due to the UARS spacecraft are determined.The orbit attitude data are used to compute the location of the tangent point for each line of sight for each measurement bin.The frequent phase measurements are also processed in the first job step.The level 1 data, cataloged at the end of job step 1,contain the calibrated data and the geo-referencing data.These data are input to job step 2.

MLS views the limb of the airglow and so the intensity measured in each bin is the line of sight integral of the volume emission rate modified by the Michelson interferogram.In the second job step the level 1 bin intensities for each of the 4 or 8 phase steps are used to compute what are termed "apparent quantities".These contain the atmospheric information. The apparent phase is the intensity weighted line integral giving the atmospheric wind.The apparent visibility is the intensity weighted line integral giving the atmospheric temperature.The apparent intensity is the line integral of the volume emission rate.Each measurement is composed of vertical columns of bins.A column gives a vertical scan through the airglow layer.A typical image has 6 columns, each about 25 km wide.In order to reduce the effects of gravity waves on the final wind and temperature these 6 columns are averaged together to form a single vertical profile for each field of view.The apparent intensity is inverted using constrained Twomey inversion to give the volume emission rate profile (see "Introduction to the Mathematics of Inversion in Remote Sensing and Indirect Measurements" by S. Twomey, Development in Geomathematics series, Elsevier, New York, 1977). This is then used to deconvolve the apparent phase and visibility.Finally the wind and temperature profiles are computed from the inverted phase and visibility for each field of view.The last step in the level 2 processing is to combine the line of sight winds from each FOV to form the desired vector winds.This is done by selecting data from the forward FOV which overlaps data from the backward FOV.The zonal and meridional components of the wind are computed only if the two FOVs see the same volume and the volume emission rates and temperatures (both scalar quantities) agree within specified limits. The level 2 data are saved for each measurement with no interpolation.

The final job step reads the level 2 data and interpolates from the natural measurement locations to the standard UARS grid.Only the wind and the temperature are gridded and saved in the level 3 data product.A parameter file at level 3 gives the source of the data used to derive the wind and temperature.

 


Processing Changes:

Reprocessing of the data occur about once a year.

Calculations:


Special Corrections/Adjustments:

None.

Calculated Variables:

Meridional and zonal wind components are calculated, as well as temperature.

10. Errors:


Sources of Error:

The data quality is given by the standard deviation of the quantity. Each data element in each file is stored along with a standard deviation which has been calculated by the analysis software.The nominal error is 10 m/s for the wind and 25 K for temperature.

 


Quality Assessment:

 


Data Validation by Source:

Data are checked by the MLS science team and assigned quality values.These values appear as the DATA_QUALITY_UARS and DATA_QUALITY_PI fields in the ASCII metadata files.The format for DATA_QUALITY_UARS is a 3 character field of the form "p.q" where:
                VALUE       MEANING
         for p      0       Machine inspected
                    1       Qualitative evaluation
                    2       Intensive analysis
         for q      1       less than 50% good data
                    2       50% - 75% good data
                    3       76% - 98% good data
                    4       better than 98% good data

 


Measurement Error for Parameters:

Variances are included with each data value.

Additional Quality Assessments:

None.

Data Verification by Data Center:

Data files are checked to ensure that they are properly transferred and translated from their original VAX/VMS format at the UARS CDHF to the DAAC's UNIX format. No additional data checks are performed by the DAAC.

11. Notes:


Limitations of the Data:

The data files exist as UNIX stream files at the DAAC. Binary data are IEEE formatted. The binary data files should be read on 32 bit machines running UNIX operating systems. This is especially important for fields which are IEEE floating point values, such as the profile data and quality values. If you are going to use a non 32-bit and/or non-UNIX machine, then you will need to write your own conversion routines to read the data files. File record length information is only listed in the ASCII metadata files (*META extension) which accompany the data and parameter files.

 


Known Problems with the Data:

None at this time.

 


Usage Guidance:

The data may be used to provide global synoptic maps of wind and temperature in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere.

 


Any other Relevant Information about the Study:

None.

12. Application of the Data Set:


MLS has produced an enormous amount of data on the upper atmosphere. Scientists around the world are using the data in a number of applications, for example:

 

  • to characterize large scale atmospheric wave phenomena
  • to measure seasonal and long term variations in the atmospheric composition
  • to measure polar mesospheric cloud phenomena and
  • to model the global upper atmosphere weather

13. Future Modifications and Plans:


The MLS instrument continues to acquire data. Future reprocessing of the data are anticipated.

14. Read Software:

Software Description:

Simple read/dump programs are available for reading the MLS 3A data files. The read programs are available in C and IDL languages.

Software Access:

To get the software use the links below:
 

15. Data Access:

Contacts Information:

Name:
Help Desk
Addresses:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Code 610.2
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: 1-301-614-5224
FAX: 1-301-614-5268
Electronic Mail Address:
gsfc-help-disc@lists.nasa.gov

 

Archive Identification:

The UARS MLS data are archived at the GES DISC under the UARS Project.

Procedures for Obtaining Data:

The MLS level 3A data files can be obtained from the GES DISC by several mechanisms. These include the following:

 

Data Archive Status/Plans:

The GES DISC currently supports MLS level 3AT and 3AL data products.

16. Output Products and Availability:

The MLS level 3A data are available. See the section above on Procedures for Obtaining Data for specific information. For more information on MLS, please refer to the MLS Home Page.

17. References:


Satellite/Instrument/Data Processing Documentation:

Reber, C. A., C. E. Trevathan, R. J. McNeal, and M. R. Luther, The Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) Mission, J. Geophys. Res. 98, D6, 10643-10647, 1993.

G.G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W.A. Gault, B.H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J.M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L.L. Cogger, D.-L. Desauliniers, W.F.J. Evans, R.L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R.H. Hum, D.J. W. Kendall, E.J. Llewellyn, R.P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y.J. Rochon, W.E. Ward, R.H. Wiens, J. Wimperis, MLS - The Wind Imaging Interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Reseasrch Satellite. J.Geophys, Res., 98: 10725-10750, 1993.

Gault, W.A., G.G. Shepherd, W.E. Ward, C.H. Hersom, Y.J. Rochon, and B.H. Solheim, On-orbit performance of the MLS instrument on UARS. Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Res. Vol 2266, San Diego, 1994.

 


Journal Articles and Study Reports:

G.G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, B.H. Solheim, S. Chandra, L.L. Cogger, M.L. Duboin, W.F.J. Evans, R.L. Gattinger, W.A. Gault, M. Herse, A Hauchecorne, C. Lathuilliere, E.J. Llewellyn, R.P. Lowe, H. Teitelbaum and F. Vial, Longitudinal Structure in Atomic Oxygen Concentrations Observed with MLS on UARS. Geophys. Res. Lett. 20: 1303-1306, 1993.

W.E. Ward, Y.J.Rochon, C. McLandress, D.Y. Wang, J.R. Criswick, B.H. Solheim, G.G. Shepherd. Correlations between the mesospheric O(1S) emission peak intensity and height and temperature at 98 km. using MLS Data. Adv. Space Res. 14: 57-60, 1994.

W.F.J. Evans, L.R. Laframboise, and G.G. Shepherd, Mesospheric temperatures from Rayleigh scattering measurements by the MLS instrument on UARS. Adv. Space Res. 14:285-288 (No. 9) 1994.

McLandress, C., Y. Rochon, G.G. Shepherd, B.H. Solheim, G. Thuillier, and F. Vial, The meridional wind component of the thermospheric tide observed by MLS on UARS. Geophys. Res. Letts. 21: 2417-2420, (November) 1994.

G.G. Shepherd and C. McLandress Southern Hemisphere Dynamics Observed by MLS: The WIND Imaging Interferometer on the UARS Mission. Adv. Space Res. 16: (5) 53-60, 1995.

Evans, W.F.J., L.R. Laframboise, K. R. Sine, R.H. Wiens, and G.G. Shepherd, Observation of polar mesospheric clouds in scattered sunlight by the MLS instrument on UARS. Geophys. Res. Letts. 22: 2793-2796, 1995.

Wiens, R.H., W.F.J. Evans, D.Y. Liang, M.S. Zalcik, and A.H. Manson, MLS Observation of a PMC breakup event during ANLC-93. Geophys. Res. Letts. 22: 2797-2800, 1995.

G. Hernandez, R.H. Wiens, R.P. Lowe, G.G. Shepherd, G.J. Fraser, R.W. Smith, L. LeBlanc, and M. Clark Optical determination of the vertical wavelength of propagating upper atmosphere oscillations. Geophys. Res. Letts., 22: 2389-2392, 1995.

 


Goddard DAAC IMS online documentation:

G.G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, B.H. Solheim, S. Chandra, L.L. Cogger, M.L. Duboin, W.F.J. Evans, R.L. Gattinger, W.A. Gault, M. Herse, A Hauchecorne, C. Lathuilliere, E.J. Llewellyn, R.P. Lowe, H. Teitelbaum and F. Vial, Longitudinal Structure in Atomic Oxygen Concentrations Observed with MLS on UARS. Geophys. Res. Lett. 20: 1303-1306, 1993.

W.E. Ward, Y.J.Rochon, C. McLandress, D.Y. Wang, J.R. Criswick, B.H. Solheim, G.G. Shepherd. Correlations between the mesospheric O(1S) emission peak intensity and height and temperature at 98 km. using MLS Data. Adv. Space Res. 14: 57-60, 1994.

W.F.J. Evans, L.R. Laframboise, and G.G. Shepherd, Mesospheric temperatures from Rayleigh scattering measurements by the MLS instrument on UARS. Adv. Space Res. 14:285-288 (No. 9) 1994.

McLandress, C., Y. Rochon, G.G. Shepherd, B.H. Solheim, G. Thuillier, and F. Vial, The meridional wind component of the thermospheric tide observed by MLS on UARS. Geophys. Res. Letts. 21: 2417-2420, (November) 1994.

G.G. Shepherd and C. McLandress Southern Hemisphere Dynamics Observed by MLS: The WIND Imaging Interferometer on the UARS Mission. Adv. Space Res. 16: (5) 53-60, 1995.

Evans, W.F.J., L.R. Laframboise, K. R. Sine, R.H. Wiens, and G.G. Shepherd, Observation of polar mesospheric clouds in scattered sunlight by the MLS instrument on UARS. Geophys. Res. Letts. 22: 2793-2796, 1995.

Wiens, R.H., W.F.J. Evans, D.Y. Liang, M.S. Zalcik, and A.H. Manson, MLS Observation of a PMC breakup event during ANLC-93. Geophys. Res. Letts. 22: 2797-2800, 1995.

G. Hernandez, R.H. Wiens, R.P. Lowe, G.G. Shepherd, G.J. Fraser, R.W. Smith, L. LeBlanc, and M. Clark Optical determination of the vertical wavelength of propagating upper atmosphere oscillations. Geophys. Res. Letts., 22: 2389-2392, 1995.

18. Glossary of Terms:

DATA PRODUCT
A collection of parameters packaged with associated ancillary and labeling data.Uniformly processed and formatted.Typically uniform temporal and spatial resolution.MLS level 3A data products include MLS_L3AL_DAILY and MLS_L3AT_DAILY.The MLS data product class is divided into data product subclasses according to measured parameters.

 

DATA SET
A logically meaningful grouping or collection of similar or related data.Data having mostly similar characteristics (source or class of source, processing level and algorithms, etc.)MLS is a subset of the UARS data set.

 

GRANULE
A Granule is the smallest aggregation of data which is independently managed.

 

PARAMETER
A measurable or derived variable represented by the data (e.g. air temperature, snow depth, relative humidity).At the Goddard DAAC, parameters are grouped into a Parameter General category, which is broken down into Parameter Specific.

19. List of Acronyms:

CCD Charged Coupled Device
CDHF Central Data Handling Facility
DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center
DCF Data Capture Facility
EOS Earth Observing System
FOV Field of View
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
IMS Information Management System
K Kelvin
km kilometer
LOS line of sight
m meter
MLS Microwave Limb Sounder
m/s meters per second
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
PI Principal Investigator
RAC Remote Analysis Computer
SFDU Standard Formatted Data Units
MLS Wind Imaging Interferometer
TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
vmr Volume Measured Ratio
USO User Services Office

20. Document Information:


Document Revision Date:Fri May 10 11:54:03 EDT 2002
19 February 1998

 


Document Review Date:

 


Document ID:

 


Citation:

 


Document Curator:

 


Document URL:

/guides/GSFC/guide/uars_mls_l3a_dataset.gd.shtml

 

UARS Home Page UARS Project

Change History

Version 2.0
Version baselined on addition to the GES Controlled Documents List, February 19, 1998.
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