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GES DISC DAAC Data Guide:UARS CLAES Level 3A Data Sets Document

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Summary:

The Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) is one of 10 instruments aboard the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS). The CLAES instrument measured the altitude profiles of temperature and a series of minor and trace gases important in stratospheric ozone chemistry. Measured gas species include ozone, water vapor, methane, members of the nitrogen and chlorine families, and two chlorofluorocarbons. CLAES also obtained aerosol extinction coefficients at several infrared wavelengths. These data capture the vertical distributions of important ozone-layer gases in the stratosphere and their variation with time of day, season, latitude, and longitude. Currently, CLAES version 9 level 3AT and 3AL data products from 21 October 1991 to 05 May 1993 are available from the Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC). However, the H2O data are available as version 7.

Table of Contents:


 

1. Data Set Overview

Data Set Identification:

UARS CLAES LEVEL 3AT DAILY TIME ORDERED DATA
UARS CLAES LEVEL 3AL DAILY LATITUDE ORDERED DATA

 

Data Set Introduction:

There are two CLAES level 3A data products archived at the GES DISC:

Level 3AT

CLAES level 3AT data are daily time-ordered data, arranged at time intervals of 65.536 seconds, or about 495 km intervals along the LOS tangent track. The reference time at which level 3AT data are arranged is common across all UARS level 3AT files. Each data record contains time, latitude, longitude, solar zenith angle, local time, and an array of data, as well as an array of quality (standard deviation) values. Data file structures for these file types are found in the Standard Formatted Data Units (SFDU) documents listed in the References section below.
 
Level 3AL
CLAES level 3AL data are daily latitude- and time-ordered data interpolated from the level 3AT data to intervals of 4 degrees latitude at the intersection of the tangent track of the instruments line of sight (LOS). Each record consists of a single array of data of one parameter for a specific time. Level 3AL data records are written to UARS defined standard latitudes, which range from -88 to +88 degrees in 4 degree intervals.
 

 

Objective:

To produce an 18-month global database showing the vertical distributions of important ozone-layer gases in the stratosphere and their variation with time of day, season, latitude, and longitude.

 

Summary of Parameters:

The CLAES version 9 level 3A data are a subset of the UARS data set. The main objective of the CLAES experiment is to measure the altitude profiles of temperature and a series of minor and trace gases important to stratospheric ozone chemistry. Gases include ozone (O3), water vapor (H2O), methane (CH4), chlorofluorocarbon 11 (CFCl3), chlorofluorocarbon 12 (CF2Cl2), chlorine nitrate (ClONO2), hydrogen chloride (HCl), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5), and nitric acid (HNO3). Aerosol extinction coefficients are also measured at several infrared wavelengths.

NOTE: HCl data are not included in the version 7 or 9 CLAES data sets.

 

Discussion:

The CLAES Level 3AT and 3AL data files are written in the Standard Data Format Units (SFDU) format. Each file consists of three records called SFDU, LABEL, and DATA. SFDU and LABEL records contain descriptive information about the instrument and the data, such as start/stop time of the data, number of records in the file, etc. The DATA record contains the profile data and their standard deviations. Time, latitude longitude, local solar time, and solar zenith angles are provided with each DATA record. Each data file is accompanied by a short ASCII metadata file, which provides descriptive information such as the start and stop time of the data, file record lengths, and the UARS quality flag.
 

Related Data Sets:

All UARS level 3AT and 3AL files use the same formats to allow for intercomparisons of atmospheric profiles between the different instruments. Other UARS instruments which measure chemical species include the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE), and the Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS).

2. Investigators:

Principal Investigator:

 

Name:
Aidan E. Roche
Address:
Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory
B/255, O/91-20
3251 Hanover Street
Palo Alto, CA 94304
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: (415) 424-2109
Electronic Mail Address:
roche@claes.space.lockheed.com

Title of Investigation:

Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer

 

Contact Information:

Principal Scientist:

Name:
John B. Kumer
Address:
Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory
B/255, O/91-20
3251 Hanover Street
Palo Alto, CA 94304
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: (415) 424-2327
Electronic Mail Address:
kumer@claes.space.lockheed.com

 

RAC System Manager/Delivery Representative:

Name:
Gary A. Ely
Address:
Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory
B/255, O/91-20
3251 Hanover Street
Palo Alto, CA 94304
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: (415) 424-2361
Electronic Mail Address:
ely@claes.space.lockheed.com

3. Theory of Measurements:

CLAES infers the amounts of gases in the stratosphere from the measurement of the unique infrared emission features associated with each gas. To separate the often very weak signatures of "trace" gases such as CFCs from the intense atmospheric background radiation, requires both high spectral resolution and high sensitivity. This was done by combining a telescope with an infrared spectrometer and solid state detectors, and cryogenically cooling the whole instrument to prevent its own thermal infrared emissions from interfering with the measurement of weak atmospheric signals. The spectrometer had a resolving power of about 4000 and operated over the wavelength range 3.5 to 12.9 microns.

 

4. Equipment:

Instrument Description:

The CLAES instrument collects infrared radiation through its 6-inch aperture Mersene telescope. Spectroscopy is performed by tilt scanning one of the four solid etalons between one or more of the nine blocking filters. The nine filters are centered at 2843, 1897, 1605, 1257, 925, 879, 843, 792 and 780 cm-1. The Fabry Perot spectrometer is augmented by a 72 Hz chopper and two refractive lens groups which direct focused infrared radiation to the focal plane array. A solid cryogen cooler keeps the CLAES instrument cooled below 150 Kelvin. CLAES collected scientific data from 01 October 1991 to 05 May 1993.

Collection Environment:

Satellite data are collected from a near-circular Earth orbit of about 585 km altitude and 57 degree inclination.

Platform:

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS).

Platform Mission Objectives:

UARS was launched September 12, 1991 with the mission of investigating the chemical and dynamical processes of the Earth's upper atmosphere. See the UARS Project document for more information.
 

5. Data Acquisition Methods:

Data are telemetered from UARS through the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) to the Data Capture Facility (DCF) at NASA GSFC. From there the data are given an initial quality check, and are then forwarded to the UARS Central Data Handling Facility (CDHF). The instrument PI teams are connected to the CDHF through remote analysis computers (RACs), where they have developed software to convert the raw data to higher level processed data. The CDHF uses the production software to convert the level 0 (raw) data to level 1, 2, 3A and 3B data. The GES DISC acquired the UARS data from the CDHF.


 

6. Observations:

Data Notes:

None at this time.
 

7. Data Description:

Spatial Characteristics:

Spatial Coverage:

Spatial coverage alternates each UARS yaw cycle. This means that CLAES alternately views from 34N to to 80S or 34S to 80N in 36 day periods. The instrument consists of a telescope, a spectrometer, and a linear array of 20 detectors to obtain vertical profiles of species concentrations between 10 and 60 km.

Spatial Coverage Map:

Typical data coverage for CLAES (looking northward on 5/22/1991).

uars_claes_coverage.gif

 

Spatial Resolution:

Horizontal resolution is about 495 km along the orbital track for level 3AT files, and 4 degrees for level 3AL files.

Vertical resolution for level 3A files is about 2.5 km between pressure surfaces.

Projection:

Not Applicable.

Grid Description:

All CLAES level 3A data have been referenced to the UARS standard pressure grid. The index of the data array defines the pressure level (in millibars) given by:
 P(i) = 1000 x 10**(-i/6) mb, where i=0,1,2,... 

Temporal Characteristics:

Temporal Coverage:

Temporal coverage is from 21 October 1992 to 05 May 1993. Below is a list of dates within the above time period for which CLAES data are missing or unavailable:
 13-JAN-1992 to 16-JAN-1992
 31-JAN-1992
 13-FEB-1992 to 17-FEB-1992
 04-MAR-1992
 08-MAR-1992
 22-MAR-1992 to 25-MAR-1992
 13-APR-1992
 30-APR-1992 to 04-MAY-1992
 17-MAY-1992
 30-MAY-1992 to 10-JUN-1992
 19-JUN-1992
 11-JUL-1992 to 16-JUL-1992
 18-JUL-1992
 29-JUL-1992
 11-AUG-1992 to 15-AUG-1992
 18-SEP-1992 to 23-SEP-1992
 10-OCT-1992
 27-OCT-1992 to 31-OCT-1992
 13-NOV-1992
 27-NOV-1992 to 01-DEC-1992
 08-JAN-1993 to 11-JAN-1993
 28-JAN-1993
 07-FEB-1993 to 11-FEB-1993
 17-MAR-1993 to 21-MAR-1993
 27-MAR-1993
 30-MAR-1993
 04-APR-1993
 16-APR-1993 to 20-APR-1993
 25-APR-1993 to 29-APR-1993

NOTE: The first 3 months of CLAES level 3A data are not available in the version 7 data release.

 

Temporal Resolution:

The temporal resolution of CLAES level 3A data granules is daily.

 

Data Characteristics:

Parameters:

There are 20 parameters for CLAES level 3AT and 3AL data products. The parameters are classified according to CLAES subtypes. The measured parameters are listed below with the original CLAES subtype name, description, and units:

 

Subtype Description Units
AERO780 aerosol extinction profiles at 780 cm-1 1/km
AERO790 aerosol extinction profiles at 790 cm-1 1/km
AERO843 aerosol extinction profiles at 843 cm-1 1/km
AERO880 aerosol extinction profiles at 880 cm-1 1/km
AERO925 aerosol extinction profiles at 925 cm-1 1/km
AERO1257 aerosol extinction profiles at 1257 cm-1 1/km
AERO1605 aerosol extinction profiles at 1605 cm-1 1/km
AERO1897 aerosol extinction profiles at 1897 cm-1 1/km
CFCL3 CFC-11 or dichlorodifluoromethane (CFCl3) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
CF2CL2 CFC-12 or dichlorodifluoromethane (CF2Cl2) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
CH4 methane (CH4) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
CLONO2 chlorine nitrate (ClONO2) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
H2O water vapor (H2O) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
HNO3 nitric acid (HNO3) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
NO nitric oxide (NO) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
NO2 nitrogen dioxide (NO2) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
N2O nitrous oxide (N2O) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
N2O5_OTHER dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) volume mixing ratio profiles vmr
O3B9 ozone (O3) volume mixing ratio profiles at 790 cm-1 (blocker 9) vmr
TEMP atmospheric temperature profiles K

NOTE: vmr (volume mixing ratio) = 10e-6 parts per million by volume.

 

8. Data Organization:

Data Granularity:

The granularity of CLAES level 3A data are defined such that there is one granule for each level and parameter subtype (see the Data Description section above) per day, for a total of 20 granules per day. Each CLAES level 3A granule is a multi-file granule consisting of two files:
  1. the binary data file (files ending with PROD, or *PROD extension) which contains the profile data and quality indicators, as well as time, latitude, longitude, solar zenith angle, and local solar time values.
  2. an ASCII metadata file (files ending with META, or *META extension) associated with the data file containing items such as start and stop time, PI assigned quality flag, and record length size of the data file.

The format for granule file names is CLAES_Llll_Sssss_Ddddd .Vvvvv_Ccc_xxxx, where

lll
is the UARS processing level (3AT or 3AL),
ssss
is the subtype or parameter,
dddd
is the UARS acquisition day (0001 = 12 September 1991),
vvvv is the data version number,
cc
is the file cycle number, and
xxxx
is the file extension (PROD for the binary files, or META for the ASCII metadata files)

For a full description of the naming convention see the "meta_desc.doc" file.

Average granule size is about 390 kb for CLAES_L3AT_DAILY granules, and 270 kb for CLAES_L3AL_DAILY granules. The *META files are small, only about 700 bytes each.

 

Data Format:

The data are in a UARS native binary format (SFDU). The files were originally created on a VAX/VMS system at the UARS CDHF, and now exist as UNIX stream files at the GES DISC. CLAES data file structures are presented in the Standard Formatted Data Units (SFDU) documents listed in the References section.

9. Data Manipulations:

Formulae:

Derivation Techniques and Algorithms:

CLAES uses a multi-channel, multi-emitter retrieval scheme that includes many elements of the vector-vector procedure described by "Retrieval Atmospheric Temperature and Composition from Remote Measurements of Thermal Radiation", by C.D. Rodgers, Rev. Geophys. and Space Phys. 14, 609-624, 1976.

Data Processing Sequence:

Processing Steps (and Data Sets):

The reader is directed to the CLAES Ground Data Processing Software User Guide, version 6.00, 11 October 1995 for a complete description of the processing overview.

Processing Changes:

The current version 8 data set was produced by the CLAES Batch Data Processing Software (BDPS), version 6.06 and yielded data version 8 (V8). The V8 processing did not target improvement in all CLAES species. Species that were targeted for improvement, and that were significantly improved include N2O5, F11 and the aerosols. These have been transferred to the DAAC. The V8 species O3(B9), ClONO2, HNO3, N2O, NO2 and temperature have also been transferred to the DAAC. These are improved generically by comparison with V7 in that:
  1. The V9 data have been processed for the period 21 October 1991 until 5 May 1993, when the CLAES cryogen was totally expended. The V7 data was processed on just a segment of that period, from 6 January 1992 to 5 May 1993.
     
  2. An improved calibration approach that corrected for a trend in responsivity near missions end (e.g., see discussion by Roche et al., J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 9679 - 9710, 1996) was used in V8 but not in V7.
  3. The embedded error bars in V8 agree better with independent error estimates (e.g., such as the track intersect method as described by Kumer et al., J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 9657 - 9678, 1996)

The V8 species CFC-12, CH4, and H2O have not been transferred to the GES DISC. These inadvertently regressed in V8. The source of the problems in V8 have been identified and these will be improved over V7, and therefore V8, in our next version, V9. However, at present the highest version on the GES DISC for these species is V7. The latter is recommended for use pending their replacement with V9.

10. Errors:

Sources of Error:

The embedded error estimates in V8 have been considerably improved. The goal was to provide embedded error roughly equivalent to the independently derived estimates of precision. In some cases the error is driven by estimated instrument noise rather than radiance residuals in order to achieve this goal. Also, a coding error in the embedded error bars for O3 (B9) as reported by Bailey et al. (J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 9621 - 9656, 1996) has been fixed. Finally, a coding error, as is described below, has been introduced that is specific to the aerosol subtype AERO790 in the V8.

Quality Assessment:

Basically, the CLAES multi-emitter multi-channel problem is broken down to the equivalent of a single emitter and single channel problem for each species i by using a linear least squares approach for fitting calculated radiances to the observed data. Next, a method similar to the Newtonian iterative algorithm (equation (99) on page 621 in the paper by Rodgers ( Rev. Geophys. and Space Phys., Vol. 14, 609-624, 1976) is used for retrieval and error estimation for each species. The error is driven by the radiance residuals, and for the multi-emitter multi-channel case this can some times be larger than would be predicted from random instrument noise alone as the result of systematic effects or undetected noise spikes, for example. The result was that in many cases the embedded V7 error estimates were too large on comparison with independently derived estimates of precision as reported in the special UARS Data Validation Issue, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 1996.

 

Data Validation by Source:

Data are checked by the CLAES science team and assigned quality values. These values appear as the DATA_QUALITY_UARS and DATA_QUALITY_PI fields in the ASCII metadata files. The format for DATA_QUALITY_UARS is a 3 character field of the form "p.q" where:
       VALUE    MEANING 
for p      0    Machine inspected 
           1    Qualitative evaluation 
           2    Intensive analysis 
for q      1    less than 50% good data 
           2    50% - 75% good data 
           3    76% - 98% good data 
           4    better than 98% good data 

CLAES does not use the optional DATA_QUALITY_PI field.

Measurement Error for Parameters:

The procedure for error estimation for the CLAES data version V7 is described in appendix A of the paper by Kumer et al. (J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 9621 - 9656, 1996). Basically, the CLAES multi-emitter multi-channel problem is broken down to the equivalent of a single emitter and single channel problem for each species i by using a linear least squares approach for fitting calculated radiances to the observed data. Next, a method similar to the Newtonian iterative algorithm (equation (99) on page 621 in the paper by Rodgers ( Rev. Geophys. and Space Phys., Vol. 14, 609-624, 1976) is used for retrieval and error estimation for each species. The error is driven by the radiance residuals, and for the multi-emitter multi-channel case this can some times be larger than would be predicted from random instrument noise alone as the result of systematic effects or undetected noise spikes, for example. The result was that in many cases the embedded V7 error estimates were too large on comparison with independently derived estimates of precision as reported in the special UARS Data Validation Issue, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 1996.

The embedded error estimates in V8 have been considerably improved. The goal was to provide embedded error roughly equivalent to the independently derived estimates of precision. In some cases the error is driven by estimated instrument noise rather than radiance residuals in order to achieve this goal. Also, a coding error in the embedded error bars for O3 (B9) as reported by Bailey et al. (J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 101, No. D6, 9621 - 9656, 1996) has been fixed. Finally, a coding error, as is described below, has been introduced that is specific to the aerosol subtype AERO790 in the V8.

 

Additional Quality Assessments:

None.

Data Verification by Data Center:

Data files are checked to ensure that they are properly transferred and translated from their original VAX/VMS format at the UARS CDHF to the GES DISC's UNIX format. No additional data checks are performed by the GES DISC.

11. Notes:

Limitations of the Data:

The data files exist as UNIX stream files at the GES DISC. Binary data are IEEE formatted. The binary data files should be read on 32 bit machines running UNIX operating systems. This is especially important for fields which are IEEE floating point values, such as the profile data and quality values. If you are going to use a non 32-bit and/or non-UNIX machine, then you will need to write your own conversion routines to read the data files.

File record length information is only listed in the ASCII metadata files (*META extension) which accompany the data and parameter files.

 

Known Problems with the Data:

Temperature
When compared to NMC and UKMO analysis CLAES temperatures are generally cold by 2-5 K from 1-100 mb, and are warm above the 1 mb level. They are very cold in the tropics near 10 mb and in the southern polar winter above 10 mb and near thick PSC's.
O3(B9)
Tends to be biased high at low altitudes in tropics, possible due to aerosol interference
N2O
Local maxima in the tropics, 40-20 mb, prior to September 1992.
NO2
Biased low by 30-40% vs correlative data. Generally errors increase rapidly below 20 mb. Potentially large errors in polar night winter conditions with large vertical temperature gradients.
HNO3
There may be a problem in the southern hemispheric mid to high latitude data in autumn and early winter for cases where the vmr exceeds ~ 15 ppbv. In these cases the vmr may systematically be too large by more than the 20% value that is given in the summary table.
CLONO2
Errors increase substantially above 6 mb. Tropical (20S-20N) data below 26 km possibly showing interference from Pinatubo aerosol cloud prior to May 1992. Some PSC interference in Antarctic winter.
N2O5_OTHER
Very good confidence from 10 to 1 mb for the offsets subtracted case. SW is available at CLAES anonymous ftp site to perform the subtraction. The data is also useful at higher and lower altitudes for some regions and times, but user should be VERY careful in assessing what the offset might be, as this has not been done by the CLAES team. The systematic error applies for the offset subtracted case. It varies with region, altitude, and time into the mission.
CFCl3
Likely significant interference from Pinatubo aerosol and polar winter PSCs. Most qualitatively-useful data for summer-fall northern hemisphere-looking periods between July 17 and October 26, 1992, and summer-fall southern hemisphere-looking periods between November 2, 1992 and April 15, 1993.
Aerosol
The 1257 cm-1 V0008 retrieved aerosol absorption coefficients are set near zero for altitudes where the continuum extinction coefficients become < 6.3E-04 km-1; the daytime 1897 cm-1 has significant contribution from solar scattering; there is a 25% to 35% difference between the 790 and 780 cm-1 regions but theory suggests a 3% maximum difference.
 

Any other Relevant Information about the Study:

None.

12. Application of the Data Set:

Anticipated uses of these data are in the fields of understanding unperturbed atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, tracking global change and long term atmospheric trends, predicting atmospheric response to chemical or energetic perturbations, environmental and agricultural planning, weather forecasting, atmospheric energy input and loss studies, and radiation budgets.
 

13. Future Modifications and Plans:

No future reprocessing of the data are expected.

 

14. Read Software:

Software Description:

Simple read/dump programs are available for reading the CLAES level 3A data files. The read programs are available in C and IDL languages.
 

Software Access:

To get the software use the links below:
 

15. Data Access:

Contacts Information:

Name:
Help Desk
Addresses:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Code 610.2
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Telephone Numbers:
Phone: 1-301-614-5224
FAX: 1-301-614-5268
Electronic Mail Address:
gsfc-help-disc@lists.nasa.gov

 

Archive Identification:

The UARS CLAES data are archived at the GES DISC under the UARS Project.

Procedures for Obtaining Data:

The CLAES level 3A data files can be obtained from the GES DISC by several mechanisms. These include the following:

 

Data Archive Status/Plans:

The GES DISC currently supports CLAES level 3AT and 3AL data products.

16. Output Products and Availability:

The CLAES level 3A data are available. See the section above on Procedures for Obtaining Data for specific information.  For more information on CLAES, please refer to the CLAES Home Page.

17. References:

Satellite/Instrument/Data Processing Documentation:

Reber, C. A., C. E. Trevathan, R. J. McNeal, and M. R. Luther, The Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) Mission, J. Geophys. Res. 98, D6, 10643-10647, 1993.

Roche, A. E., et al, The Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) on UARS: Experiment Description and Performance, J. Geophys. Res. 98, D6, 10763-10775, 1993.

Journal Articles and Study Reports:

Four years worth of relevant journal articles are available on the CLAES Home Page.

GES DISC online documentation:

CLAES Whole Data Set Document Version 8, NURSCL00.

CLAES level 3AT SFDU Version 8, NURSCL01.

CLAES level 3AL SFDU Version 8, NURSCL02.

CLAES Change History Document, NURSCL04.

Horne, C., UARS Granule Level File (*META) Description, July 1994.

 

18. Glossary of Terms:

DATA PRODUCT
A collection of parameters packaged with associated ancillary and labeling data. Uniformly processed and formatted. Typically uniform temporal and spatial resolution. CLAES level 3A data products include CLAES L3AT and CLAES L3AL. The CLAES data product class is divided into data product subclasses according to measured parameters.
DATA SET
A logically meaningful grouping or collection of similar or related data. Data having mostly similar characteristics (source or class of source, processing level and algorithms, etc.) CLAES is a subset of the UARS data set.
GRANULE
A Granule is the smallest aggregation of data which is independently managed.
PARAMETER
A measurable or derived variable represented by the data (e.g. air temperature, snow depth, relative humidity). At the GES DISC, parameters are grouped into a Parameter General category, which is broken down into Parameter Specific.

19. List of Acronyms:

CDHF Central Data Handling Facility
CFCl3 chlorofluorocarbon 11
CF2Cl2 chlorofluorocarbon 12
CH4 methane
ClONO2 chlorine nitrate
DCF Data Capture Facility
EOS Earth Observing System
FOV field of view
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
H2O water vapor
HNO3 nitric acid
HF hydrogen fluoride
IMS Information Management System
K Kelvin
km kilometer
LOS line of sight
m meter
mb millibar
CLAES Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NO nitric oxide
NO2 nitrogen dioxide
N2O nitrous oxide
N2O5 dinitrogen pentoxide
O3 ozone
PI Principal Investigator
ppmv parts per million by volume
RAC Remote Analysis Computer
SFDU Standard Formatted Data Units
TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
USO User Services Office

20. Document Information:

Document Revision Date:Fri May 10 11:53:39 EDT 2002

19 February 1998

Document Review Date:

Document ID:

Citation:

Document Curator:

Document URL:

http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/guides/GSFC/guide/uars_claes_l3a_dataset.gd.shtml
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